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Withdrawal services for drug addiction more effective at home

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Withdrawal services for drug addiction more effective at home

SYDNEY: Detoxification and withdrawal services to help patients with their drug and alcohol addiction may be more effective when carried out in their homes, amid growing demand for such treatments in Australia, according to the latest research.
“This research suggests that home-based withdrawal services for people struggling with alcohol and other drug addictions may offer an acceptable and less expensive option, particularly in cases where home-based and inpatient detoxification are considered medically appropriate,” said Curtin University researcher Cameron Wright in a statement on Monday.
The study analyzed 1,800 patients receiving the home-based services in Western Australia state capital Perth. Treatment services to help patients withdraw from their drug and alcohol addiction are typically offered at facilities including rehabilitation centers and hospitals.
“Our study indicates that offering these treatment services at home are especially effective if spending time away from home is likely to be disruptive to the patient or if the substance abuse is most problematic at home,” said Wright, lead author of the findings published in the Australian Journal of Primary Health on Monday.
The research offered valuable information at a crucial time when demand for drug and alcohol treatment services was outstripping the supply of such services across the country, he said.
The proportion of patients in the study who identified with methamphetamine use alone rose from 4 percent in 2011-2012 to 23 percent in 2015-2016, indicating the recent rise in the use of the illegal drug in the community, said Wright.
“Our research also showed the effectiveness of the home-based withdrawal services, with just 23 percent of surveyed clients indicating they used their drug of primary concern most days or most often at the end of the program, down significantly from 94 percent at the start of the program.”

Relevant pieces published earlier: 

Drug abuse in Pak schools, colleges and varsities!

i) Drug abuse in Pak schools, colleges and varsities, The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) conducted the last comprehensive survey of drug use in the country in 2013, which found that drug use was more common among those aged between 25 to 39 than 15 to 24 – the age bracket these legislations target.

And despite the fact that there has been no comprehensive survey for drug use conducted in the last 5 years there is a progressive move by PML-N MNA Asiya Naz Tanoli to make sure that someone is held accountable for the fact that drug use is more common in educational institutions.

A progressive move agreed but what Miss Asiya Naz Tanoli doesn’t see here is the underlying conditions that promote drug use and what course of action she takes will somehow make the situation worse.

Most students that are known to use drugs (and I use this term broadly here) from O level’s state that they are under too much pressure by parents to achieve high results and not only that.

Family issues, having trouble dealing with people, having a girlfriend. All the mentioned scenarios are dangerous in the fact that as humans it is in our nature to find the easy way out.

Doing drugs is one such way, one of the correct methods however is to improve the parenting skills present and advance them in such a way that parents are able to pick up on their children’s issues (and I use this term broadly here) to help the child out, not berate, scold and demoralize them to the point where they feel that there should be an easy way out. Effective prevention of many issues requires younger people to have a caring and nurturing environment.

Another issue brought up here by MNA Shahida Rehmani’s Prevention of Drugs in Educational Institutions Bill  is the invasion of student’s privacy since the method’s that she wants to use in the identification of drug users is not something that secures student’s data or encrypts it simply employs either the institution to handle this paperwork or the state to.

A counterproposal that any intellectual proposes is that the system here hasn’t been considered since information is passed around by government workers who are employees of a state that currently has no penalties for information distribution and does not discourage the abuse of power that any position within the government is owned by an individual.

Does MNA Shahida Rehmani not consider the fact that students will feel humiliated, if and when suppose they get good results academically yet fail a drug test. Does the pressure not increase to a higher level when the parents berate the child?

The Prevention of Drugs in Educational Institution Bill says that if a student tests positive for drug use more than once, they will be “referred to [a] drug rehabilitation center”. The expenses for the facility will be borne by the student.

“If the student cannot afford such a facility, the cost shall be borne by the federal government and in case private facility (approved by the federal government) is availed, the expenses equivalent to those incurred in public-sector rehabilitation [center] shall be covered by the federal government,” it says.

But the ANF official Talal Zubair was skeptical of the private rehabilitation centers in Islamabad as well. “Government-run centers will be the best option for students if such a project is ever undertaken. That is because one, private rehabilitation centers are not regulated so we do not know what sort of treatments they are providing and two, because most of them are interested in making money they will extend treatment unnecessarily,” he said. (Courtesy Daily DAWN for pieces of information)

ii) Karachi Police has arrested a man Mohammed Adeel alias Vicky from Badar Commercial area here of yesterday (Thursday 15th of March) for selling drugs to youths of DHA and Clifton. According to details the accused acquired a degree in Management Information from University of North Carolina and has been pushing drugs since 2014. It has further been learned that he shot a man dead in 2008 and was booked for murder. He built contacts and learned the ropes vis-à-vis acquisition and sales of cocaine.  Later he started selling ice and got arrested twice. An ever-expanding market with dealers present in the highest echelons of society social media is also being used to sell drugs by creating event pages for parties. According to sources not less than 25 men and women are involved in selling drugs to the kids of well-off parents. They gradually become addicts. (16th March, 2018).

iii) News of capturing a young-educated drugs dealer from the posh locality of this Megapolis has shocked parents and health/wellness officials.

One cannot say what is going on in the educational institutions where parents send their kids to nurture their future: reality can be the opposite too.

As the time goes by, parents are getting busy in their professional lives as they want to provide the best for their kids. However, a lack of concentration in children’s lives is making the situation worst.

In such, Newspakistan.tv is equipping its viewers with the possible signs to know if your kids are on drugs, where to look at to find their secret activities and how to keep them off from taking up this lethal substance.

Possible signs of taking up drugs

Experts are of the view that it all begins with fun, as kids are more vulnerable and today’s generation is open to experimenting. They try it for getting pleasure and excitement but gradually, they become its addict.

It has been scientifically proven that kids with an average age of 12 or 13 years are more likely to indulge in such activities. However, teens often go off the rail, resulting into lending themselves in trouble.

The following signs could help us in recognizing whether our kids are doing drugs:

  • Difficulty in sleeping and waking
  • Lack of or excessive energy
  • Reduced or increased appetite.
  • Watery or bloody eyes.
  • Strange odors
  • Extreme talkativeness or hyperactivity.
  • Slurred speech
  • A sudden drop or gain in weight
  • A subtle change in personal appearance
  • Clenching of the jaw
  • Shakes or chills
  • Flushing or paleness in the face
  • Disturb personal and professional life
  • Secretiveness and isolation
  • Sudden fluctuation in mood
  • Disturbed behavior and negative or demotivated thoughts
  • Dishonesty
  • Demand for lots of money or even stealing 
  • Strange cravings and urges
  • Confusions
  • Widespread episodes of fever
  • Taking up lots of chewing gums and mints to hide bad breath
  • Avoiding eye contact
  • Spending more time outside the home
  • Headaches
  • Sweatiness
  • Extreme desire to drink water
  • Sores and spots around mouth

Nevertheless, if the situation goes out of the hands, addicts could have nosebleed, seizures, vomiting, depression. Also, they are highly likely to get involved in unsafe intimate relationships and crimes.

Some preventive measures:

  • So as to keep your kids off from adopting such deadly activities, parents should involve in their lives and goings-on. They should keep a watchful eye on their friends and gatherings.
  • However, parents, while avoiding strict attitudes and measures, should try to be their friends. Just talk to them on a daily basis no matter how much busy you are. Support them and motivate them when they tell you every day’s story.
  • Educate your children regarding negative activities by talking to them openly about the possible consequences.
  • Take them to physicians for routine check-ups once a month.
  • Do not think that your child is too young to take up drugs that would be your biggest mistake. Never assume never as anyone can fall in the pit of addiction.
  • Be open to search their rooms. Mind you, kids tend to hide the substance in the spots such as under the drawers, between the clothes, CDs,DVDs,Tape/Video cases, small boxes such as jewelry and pencil etc, backpacks, inside the pillow, foam and comforter, inside plants, books, fabricated lipstick tubes or compacts, medicine containers and empty candy bags. under a loose plank in floorboards etc.
  • Also, check their mobiles and social media accounts frequently.

It is pertinent to mention here that in the localities such as Clifton and DHA, party culture is prevalent. One can wonder what is going on in such gatherings in the name of parties, where potential people look for the Kids from well-off families so as to ensnare them.

It has further been learned that such parties are usually arranged in private farmhouses and bungalows of influential personalities, where drinking and drugs are common. Goli is the common word to ask for drugs in such parties.

Parents, in this advanced world, cannot say no to their kids when they ask to hang out with their friends. Ask questions regarding weekend plans as to what are they going to do etc.

However, they can make some restrictions. First thing first, set time restrictions. Ask them to avoid frequent gatherings.

Always keep a watchful eye on your kid’s company and friends. Talk to them and their parents too. Have a real, face-to-face conversation when your son or daughter comes home following socializing with friends.

Give them a hug whenever they return to home after school or parties as if they engage in secretive activities, the smell of drinking and drugs will be on their breath, clothing and in their hair. (17th of March, 2018) 

 

 

 

 

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Health

NIH asks citizens to take preventive measures against typhoid

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ISLAMABAD: The Field Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Division (FEDSD), National Institute of Health (NIH) Wednesday issued an advisory on control of typhoid fever.
According to NIH, viewing situation of an increased number of typhoid fever cases in the country, the Institute has issued an advisory on typhoid fever. It said typhoid fever spread mostly in summer and rainy season in Pakistan. It added typhoid caused by bacteria, (Salmonella Typhi) which occurs through the feco-oral route and spread through contaminated food, milk, frozen fruits, and water or through close contact with an already infected person.
Contamination mainly caused by poor sanitation and mixing of sewerage in drinking water. It said that newly emerged form of typhoid fever, extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Typhoid is being reported in some areas of Sindh province, especially in Hyderabad and Karachi.
There are more than 2000 positive cases of XDR Typhoid have been reported so far. The advisory suggested adopting preventive measures in routine life to avoid such kind of infections. It advised to wash hand properly and restore hand hygiene condition in routine life, avoid eating raw food and vegetables and always drink boiled drinking water.
It added typhoid vaccine is available in Pakistan and people should also administer typhoid vaccine after consultation with a doctor.  The advisory said that the NIH had disseminated awareness material about these disease for the general population, health sector stakeholders, and all provincial authorities. The institute also displayed the poster advisories in the Urdu language in public places.

Relevant pieces published earlier: 

i)

US warns apropos drug-resistant typhoid in Pakistan!

The United States furnished a health warning to travelers pertaining a current epidemic of extremely drug-resistant typhoid fever prevailing in Pakistan on Wednesday. The statement reads, “All travelers to Pakistan are at risk of getting XDR typhoid fever. Those who are visiting friends or relatives are at higher risk than are tourists and business travelers.” The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggested all tourists to Pakistan or South Asia to get themselves immunized and pick out food items and drinking water carefully.

Moreover, the CDC noted in the notice that various travelers to Pakistan are down with the lethal disease when returned to their home states. Therefore, washing hands before guzzling down food is a must. It is pertinent to mention here that last year, NPTV had reported that the drug-resistant typhoid was prevailing in various vicinities of Sindh particularly Hyderabad.

Moreover, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has joined forces with the Government of Sindh on a children’s anti-typhoid campaign by donating 250,000 syringes earlier this year. (Aiman Inam) (Published on 5th July 2018) 

ii) The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is partnering with the Government of Sindh on a children’s anti-typhoid campaign by donating 250,000 syringes. After the Sindh Department of Health noticed a recent rise in the number of drug-resistant typhoid cases, it reached out to USAID for assistance. The syringes will help immunize over 250,000 children against a drug-resistant strain of typhoid reported in Latifabad and Qasimabad, two sub-districts of Hyderabad, Sindh.

Oghale Oddo, USAID’s Acting Deputy Mission Director for Sindh and Balochistan, said, “Our support for the government’s anti-typhoid campaign exemplifies the strength of our ongoing partnership.  USAID will continue to support the Government of Sindh in their efforts to institutionalize evidence-based care.” The U.S. government, through USAID, has supported the Government of Sindh for over five years to save the lives of children by ensuring that they have access to basic health services. (6th of February 2018) 

ii) Sources privy to Newspakistan.tv has been informed that over 250 children have been infected in Hyderabad and some 15 kids in Karachi with Multi-drug resistant (MDR) typhoid so far during this pre-Monsoon season.  Experts warn that this is the worst sort of typhoid epidemic, which is getting widespread in both of the cities. Lyari, North Karachi, Gulshan-e-Hadeed, Gulistan-e-Jauhar, Malir and Ibrahim Haydri are some of the most affected localities.  It has further been learned that the major culprits behind disseminating such occurrence are un-chlorinated water, impure water and poor sanitation and sewerage conditions – thanks to the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KWSB)! So as to thwart this condition, people must avoid germ-infested food and water.

Also, they should clean their underground and overhead water tanks and add some chlorine pills. As usual, the situation of this Megapolis has gone downhill after the first rain spell. Everyone can clearly see the filthy water in every nook and corner, particularly in slum areas. No civic body bothers to take care of poor people. Now another rain spell is just around the corner and thundershowers are expected to pour from Saturday (today) through Tuesday. This could make the situation worse. Typhoid outbreak along with many other infectious disorders are more prevalent throughout the monsoon season. Health and wellness experts reiterate that people should consume foods rich in vitamin C. Being an immune booster, Vitamin C has the ability of slaying infected cells in the body. Do not let your kids play and get wet in the rains. Avoid eating out, particularly, spinach, eggplant as well as all sorts of meat. (Published on 15th July 2017) 

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Indus River System Authority releases 371,800 cusecs water!

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ISLAMABAD: The Indus River System Authority (IRSA) Monday released 371,800 cusecs water from various rim stations with inflow of 426,600 cusecs.
According to the data released by IRSA, the water level in the Indus River at Tarbela Dam was 1541.23 feet, which was 155.23 feet higher than its dead level of 1,386 feet.
Water inflow in the dam was recorded as 270,700 cusecs while outflow as 214.000 cusecs. The water level in the Jhelum River at Mangla Dam was 1166.35 feet, which was 126.35 feet higher than its dead level of 1,040 feet whereas the inflow and outflow of water were recorded as 44,100 cusecs and 10,000 cusecs respectively.
The release of water at Kalabagh, Taunsa, and Sukkur was recorded as 291,900, 225,200 and 58,700 cusecs respectively.
Similarly, from the Kabul River, 51,500 cusecs of water was released at Nowshera and 73,900 cusecs from the Chenab River at Marala.

A relevant piece published earlier: 

IRSA releases 334,500 cusecs water

The Indus River System Authority (IRSA) Sunday released 334,500 cusecs water from various rim stations with an inflow of 441,500 cusecs.
According to the data released by IRSA, the water level in the Indus River at Tarbela Dam was 1511.59 feet, which was 125.59 feet higher than its dead level of 1,386 feet.
Water inflow in the dam was recorded as 256,900 cusecs while outflow as 182,000 cusecs. The water level in the Jhelum River at Mangla Dam was 1147.60 feet, which was 107.60 feet higher than its dead level of 1,040 feet whereas the inflow and outflow of water was recorded as 42,100 cusecs and 10,000 cusecs respectively.
The release of water at Kalabagh, Taunsa, and Sukkur was recorded as 255,200, 180,600 and 35,800 cusecs respectively. Similarly, from the Kabul River, 73,900 cusecs of water was released at Nowshera and 36,500 cusecs from the Chenab River at Marala. (Published on 29th July 2018) 

 

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Politics

Punjab: 358 newly-elected MPAs take oath!

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LAHORE: As many as 358 newly-elected members sworn in during a maiden session of 17th Punjab Assembly here today. 
Outgoing speaker Rana Muhammad Iqbal administered the oath. Prominent among others who took oath include: Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi, Aleem Khan, Hamza Shehbaz, Khawaja Saad Rafique, Dr Yasmin Rashid, Mian Mehmoodur Rashid, Shujaur Rehman, Ayesha Chaudhry, Chaudhry Zaheerud Din, Bilal Yasin, Nadeem Kamran, Irfan Doltana, Murad Ras, Dr Mukhtar Bharat, Hina Pervaiz Butt, Bushra Anjum Butt and Sania Ashiq.
The outgoing speaker felicitated the newly-elected members. Earlier, the first session of new assembly started at10.46 am behind its scheduled time with recitation from the Holy Quran and Naat-e-Rasool-e-Maqbool (SAWW). The members signed the roll of members in the register constituency-wise.
The outgoing speaker read out the procedure for election of speaker and deputy speaker of the Punjab Assembly to be held on Thursday (August 16) at 10:30 am. The election will be through secret balloting.
The nomination papers for the slots were filed in the Punjab Assembly Secretariat. The PTI nominated Chaudhry Pervez Elahi as a speaker and Dost Muhammad Mazari as deputy speaker while PML-N nominated Chaudhry Iqbal Gujjar and Rana Ayyaz as a speaker and deputy speaker, respectively.
Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, the majority party in Punjab Assembly has nominated Hamza Shehbaz Sharif for the slot of Punjab chief minister. Its rival, the Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf, yet to name its candidate for the position.
PML-N leads with 127 seats in the assembly, while PTI is a close second with 122 seats, as per the ECP’s results of 294 out of 295 total seats.
Interim Chief Minister Punjab Dr. Hassan Askari and his cabinet members attended the session and welcomed the newly- elected MPAs.
Meanwhile, the Punjab Assembly staff welcomed the newly-elected members of the assembly with bouquets on their arrival to attend the maiden session of the 17th assembly.
The PA administration had also set up help desks for the members where each member issued his assembly card before joining the oath-taking session.
Prominent leader Chaudhry Nisar did not attend the session. Strict security arrangements were made to avert any untoward incident.
On completion of day’s agenda, the Chair adjourned the session till next morning on Thursday at 10:30 am.

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