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Trump orders Pentagon to create US ‘space force’

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WASHINGTON: President Donald Trump on Monday ordered the Pentagon to create a new US “space force,” which would become the sixth branch of the American military and would ensure “American dominance” in space.

“I’m hereby directing the Department of Defense and Pentagon to immediately begin the process necessary to establish a space force as the sixth branch of the armed forces,” Trump said. “We are going to have the Air Force, and we are going to have the space force, separate but equal,” he added. “When it comes to defending America it is not enough to merely have an American presence in space, we must have American dominance in space.”

Details about the role and timing of the space force were not immediately clear. Trump’s comments came at the start of the third meeting of the National Space Council, an advisory body led by Vice President Mike Pence. Trump also announced he would sign a directive on space traffic management, aimed at monitoring objects in orbit so as to avoid collisions and debris strikes.

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Crime

FIA, PTA need to establish social media monitoring cell

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ISLAMABAD: Senate Standing Committee on Interior and Narcotics Control Friday said Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) and Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA)  should establish a special cell to monitor social media where wrong messages, pictures and are being shared without verification. 

Chairing a meeting of the committee, Senator Rehman Malik said FIA should expedite its working so as to control social media and the agency should adopt such measures to dispose off complaints of people.
He said although the importance of social media is above board it is being wrongly used where personalities are discussed and insulted.
Rehman Malik asked FIA to take immediate action against such people as per law and arrest those involved in nefarious activities.
Pakistan’s government should make agreements with international social media operators to block such conflicted material from the web.
The committee, which raised a matter of the mysterious killing of three sisters in Fort Abbas area of the Cholistan in its previous meetings, said he had talked to the caretaker chief minister of Punjab and discussed the matter.
Keeping in view sensitivity of the incident, Rehman Malik formed a sub-committee under convenorship of Senator Rana Maqbool Ahmed which will probe the matter.
The sub-committee will submit its report before the main Committee on Interior. Rehman Malik said legal action should be taken against those police or local administration officials found involved in criminal negligence in the case.

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Technology

Neanderthal man knew how to make a fire: study

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PARIS: Neanderthal man knew how to make a fire by striking stone to create sparks, researchers said Thursday after analyzing several tools found at sites in France dating from 50,000 years ago.
It was already known that Neanderthals used fire but it was mostly thought to have occurred by natural causes such as lightning or volcanic eruptions, although perhaps they did know techniques for creating a flame.
The latter is what scientists of a study published in Scientific Reports have claimed. “We present here the first direct artefactual evidence for regular, systematic fire production by Neanderthals,” they wrote in the study.
“We found the lighters that Neanderthal man used to make a fire,” Marie Soressi, professor of prehistory at Leiden University in the Netherlands and co-author of the study, told Media.
The researchers found dozens of flint with traces on the two faces of the prehistoric stone tool, or biface. They appear to indicate that the tool could have been used to strike at a ferrous mineral such as pyrite or marcasite.
Piercing the pyrite would produce sparks which Neanthal man could make fall on dry grass or leaves and blow on them to get a fire going.
Andrew Sorensen, also from Leiden University and the lead author of the study, says the scientists know the traces on the stone tools were not natural, but instead made by these primitive men living in Europe in late Palaeolithic times.
“The traces we see occur in discrete zones, with the striations almost always oriented parallel to the long axis of the tool. If the scratches were natural, we would expect them to occur all over the surface of the biface and to be oriented randomly,” he told the Media.
“The fire making traces appear with the naked eye as clusters of C-shaped percussion marks… often indicating unidirectional, oblique (glancing) blows (ideal for fire making),” he wrote.

 

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Business

Galaxy Note 9 to hit shelves in S. Korea on Aug 24

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SEOUL: Galaxy Note 9, Samsung Electronics Co.’s next flagship phablet, will be available for South Korean consumers starting August 24, two weeks after its global showcase, industry insiders said Friday.
The tech giant is set to unveil the Note 9 on Aug. 9 in New York, with local pre-orders to begin Aug. 14, according to sources in the wireless service sector.
Though no details have been released via official channels, a purported image of the device has been leaked by notable twitter user Ice Universe, showing a large smartphone with a new gold or yellow S Pen. There have been rumors that Samsung’s signature stylus may come with Blue tooth capability, a first for the accessory.
The image also revealed that a dual camera module and a fingerprint scanner are positioned horizontally on the rear of the phone, which could allow more room for a larger battery.
It has been widely speculated that the latest model Note will come with a battery capacity of 4,000 mAh compared with its predecessor’s smallish 3,300 mAh, as well as a 6.4-inch screen, which is a tad larger than the Galaxy Note 8’s 6.3-inch display.

 

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