ISLAMABAD: The representative unions in textile and garments sectors from across Pakistan have announced the formation of the grand federation of the workers in the sector as a shared platform and joint struggle for the rights of textile and garment sector workers.
The newly announced body named as Pakistan Textile Garments Leather Workers Federation (PTGLWF) has been announced during a press conference held by prominent representatives and leaders and workers’ union across Pakistan.
Besides others, Central General Secretary, Pakistan Workers Federation (PWF),Ch Muhammad Yaqoob, Central Organizer PWC, Zahoor Awan M Aslam Wafa and Abdul Qadir, Programme Coordinator and Advisor, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES), Pakistan also shared their views on the various aspects of working of trade unions in Pakistan and the overall situation of workers’ rights in the country, while addressing a press conference here on Sunday.
They informed the media that the name of office bearers of the federation will be finalized and announced during the general body meeting to be held soon.
The workers’ leaders were of the view that the textile and the garment sectors were the largest sectors of the economy with the largest number of employees and workers but unfortunately, the exploited sector of the country as well.
They added further that almost 40% of all industrial workers in Pakistan are linked with textile industry whereas their contribution in overall exports is 62%.
Likewise, they said, Pakistan was the 4th largest cotton producer country and a large number of women were linked with sector including in the ginning and at the factory level.
Unfortunately, men and women workers were being exploited alike where their basic rights were denied. They were facing a host of issues including daily wages and contractual employment against regular positions, minimum wages, union forming, and registration forced expulsions and expensive judicial systems.
Therefore, they are facing numerous challenges that don’t augur well for the sector which is an important part of the global value chain.
The workers’ leaders added further that the exporters, especially in the textile sector gained huge benefits from GSP plus status for Pakistan.
It is quite evident from the fact that the income of export was increased by 55% whereas quantity was increased by 33% during the last few years.
However, millions of power looms workers – including women – were still to live in miserable conditions and were facing numerous hardships.
While explaining the objectives of forming the new federation for the textile and garment sector workers, the workers’ leaders explained that the federation will initiate awareness raising campaign with informative materials and voice at the global level.
They said that this platform was the first concrete step towards an organized effort to resolve/ the issues such as social security, EOBI registration, discrimination in wage for women which at present stand about 35% to 60% lesser wages.
They opined that there were fewer genuine representative unions in the country and most of the factory owners managed to register fake unions to block the genuine struggle of the workers.
However, the newly constituted federation would now take up all the issues pertaining to rights of workers to resolve these issues holistically and from grassroots to the global level.
While explaining the rationale for announcing the initiative at this moment.
The workers’ leaders said that we are forming this federation in the month of September to pay homage to more than 360 workers martyred in the tragic incident of arson occurred in Karachi five years back.
Tokyo stocks close down, Nissan plunges over 5%
TOKYO: Stocks here dropped today with shares in Nissan diving more than five percent and Mitsubishi also plunging after chairman Carlos Ghosn was arrested over allegations of financial misconduct.
The benchmark Nikkei 225 index fell 1.09 percent, or 238.04 points, to close at 21,583.12, while the broader Topix index was down 0.73 percent, or 11.94 points, at 1,625.67.
Nissan shares lost 5.45 percent to 950.7 yen after dipping to a low of 940 yen, down 6.51 percent, at one point. Mitsubishi Motors was down 6.84 percent to 680 yen.
The dollar fetched 112.52 yen in Asian afternoon trade, against 112.54 yen in New York and 112.77 yen in Tokyo on Monday.
Declines in Japanese shares came after worries about the US-China trade war and slowing technology sector growth battered Wall Street on Monday.
French auto giant Renault also plunged in Paris on a burgeoning scandal surrounding Ghosn, who heads the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi alliance.
“The Nissan case gave some uncertainties to the market,” said Daiwa Securities senior technical analyst Hikaru Sato.
“The case affected the auto sector partially, but the impact is still limited,” Sato told the Media. Honda lost 0.40 percent to 3,166 yen but Toyota gained 1.58 percent to 6,717 yen. Elsewhere in Tokyo, game giant Nintendo was down 5.67 percent at 31,220 yen and Sony was down 3.08 percent at 5,709 yen.
Fishing nations fail in bid to cut quotas
Dubrovnik (Croatia): Dozens of nations on Monday failed to agree on measures to preserve one of the planet’s most valuable fish: the bigeye tuna, backbone of a billion-dollar business that is severely overfished.
Some 50 countries as well as European Union member states wrapped up a meeting of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) in the Croatian seaside city of Dubrovnik without reaching a consensus on quotas.
“It’s a setback and it’s bad news,” said Javier Garat Perez, secretary general of the Spanish fishing confederation Cepesca.
Scientists shocked many in the industry last month when they warned that unless catch levels are sharply reduced, stocks of the fatty, fast-swimming predator could crash within a decade or two.
They warned that populations had fallen to less than 20 percent of historic levels.
Less iconic than Atlantic bluefin but more valuable as an industry, bigeye (Thunnus obesus) — one of several so-called tropical tunas — is prized for sashimi in Japan and canned for supermarket sales worldwide.
Three years ago, ICCAT introduced a 65,000-tonne catch limit for the seven largest fishers of bigeye, and a moratorium in certain areas of ocean.
But other countries are not bound by the quotas, and bigeye hauls last year topped 80,000 tonnes — far too high to begin replenishing stocks.
The Dubrovnik meeting saw calls to bring countries fishing more than 1,575 tonnes such as Brazil, Senegal, Guatemala and Cape Verde under quotas but these were blocked due to commercial interests, many delegates said.
“The industry wants to make money and in the quickest way it can,” said Siphokazi Ndudane, who headed the South African delegation at the talks.
The current quota of 65,000 tonnes was extended for a year as well as a partial moratorium on Fish Aggregating Devices or FADs: buoys or floats tethered to the ocean floor with concrete blocks which attract certain types of fish.
The last proposal at the conference was made by South Africa which suggested a quota of 62,500 tonnes from 2019 to 2021.
Some disappointed delegates sounded the alarm.
“If we don’t reach consensus next year, it’s catastrophe,” said Yvan Riva, president of the French fishing organization Orthongel.
The various players also traded blame.
Garat Perez pointed to Asian countries saying they “tried to avoid any measure that could affect their fleet of longliners,” adding that “Europeans were prepared to make sacrifices.”
But one member of a coastal African nation said it was a “lack of will” on the part of the big fishing nations.
Some experts have calculated that cutting the total catch to 50,000 tonnes per year would give bigeye a 70 percent probability of recovery by 2028.
Some delegates said the ICCAT had not taken in the lessons from the bluefin tuna.
In 2007 when one species of bluefin (Thunnus thynnus) was put on the UN list of threatened species, the ICCAT was forced to adopt drastic protective measures in the Atlantic and Mediterranean and stocks began to recover.
In Dubrovnik, after lengthy negotiations, the ICCAT put in place its 2019 management plan including relaxed fishing periods and for developing countries, the opportunity to set up bluefin tuna fattening farms.
“Bottom line, there are simply too many boats in the water chasing too few fish,” said Paulus Tak, a senior officer for the Pew Charitable Trusts, and an official observer at the ICCAT meeting, about the bigeye tuna situation.
KP to install water meters at cars washing stations
PESHAWAR: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister for Environment and Forests, Syed Muhammad Ishtiaq Sunday said that water meters would be installed at cars washing stations to curb massive misuse of potable water in the province.
In an exclusive interview with APP, he said Pakistan was confronted with a major challenge of water shortage and wastage of clean drinking water could not be allowed at car washing stations in the province.
He said Environment Protection Agency has started action against those car washing stations, which were operating illegally or involved in wastage of water. Moreover, the agency was issuing notices to concerned owners with direction to install water meters at earliest.
The minister said the provincial government was committed to regulating this business by installing water meters at these stations at all cost and heavy fine would be imposed against violators.
Millions of gallon of clean drinking water had been wasted at thousands of car wash stations due to lack of proper mechanism owing to the lackluster approach of the past regimes in the country.
The PTI government had taken a lead role by directing the owners of these stations to install water meters and upon failure heavy fines would be imposed besides sealing of the stations, he said.
The massive misuse of water at most of these stations was not only causing dropping of groundwater table but also leading to water pollution by draining chemically contaminated water in the sewerage lines.
The draining of chemically contaminated water after washing of vehicles was also making negative effects on life of water species.
Car wash business was being considered most lucrative as it involves comparatively smaller capital for setting up a station. In Peshawar, Rs 200 was being charged for washing car’s body only while detailed service takes 400 rupees.
During car wash, massive potable water was being wasted on most of these stations where water was being drilled via electric pumps, causing substantial economic loss to the national kitty in the water-starved country.
In populated areas, water connections for these stations were mostly offered from the main water supply line and domestic consumers were adversely suffer due to colossal use of potable water for the cleaning of vehicles.
As per international standards, about 40 percent of the river flows were required to be stored whereas Pakistan had only 13.29 million acre-feet (MAF) storage against the required standard of 58 MAF, which should be a matter of great concern for policy makers and planners.
The high population growth, misuse of water, climate change, poor water management, lack of political will and urbanization were the main reasons behind the water and energy crisis in the country.
The government could collect a lot of money by bringing this profitable business under tax-net.
The minister said a ban on the use of non-degradable plastic bags, which are a major cause of environmental and water pollution, has been imposed and strict action would be taken against violators.
To curb environmental pollution, desertification and climate change, he said KP government would plant additional one billion saplings under Plant for Pakistan project of the federal government under which 10 billion saplings would be planted in next five years.
He said the campaign under the plant for Pakistan would be launched in February next year and Billions Trees Afforestation Project under which one billion and 180 million plants were planted in last four years would be extended to tribal districts.
Hospitals were directed to ensure disposal of the waste imperative for the clean environment,” the minister said, adding heavy fine would be imposed on all those stone crushing machines operating in populated areas besides owners of cement and marble factors that failed to install filtration plants to control smoke emission.
The minister urged people to use cloths made bags instead of plastic bags and help the government in making the environment clean and green.
He said Environmental Tribunal was set up in Peshawar by the KP Government to dispose of cases on environmental issues.