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Ramazan moon sighted, 1st roza on Thursday!




KARACHI: According to an official announcement made today by the head of Ruet-e-Hilal Committee Mufti Muneeb-ur-Rehman, Ramazan moon has been sighted and month of fasting will commence from tomorrow (17th  of May, 2018). 

Throughout Ramazan, people love to consume deep-fried food-items as those are hard to resist while fasting.

People gulp down beaucoup amount of ghee, oil or butter while consuming these goodies.

 But is it healthy?

Ghee is believed to be a healthy preference (as compared to other options) as it consists of healthy flab that provides innumerable health boons and some of those are:

  • It upholds vascular health due to some properties that help shield the arteries from stiffing. Hardening of arteries arises when fat, cholesterol, and other kinds of stuff upsurge in the walls of arteries.
  • Habitual ingestion of ghee been associated with reduce levels of bad cholesterol and enhance levels of good cholesterol.
  • Also, those people who are allergen of dairy products could swallow ghee as it is lactose as well as casein-free at the same time.
  • Ghee is loaded with butyric acid, a short-chain fatty acid, which perks-up the health of the intestinal lining and has the potential to lessen the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease.
  • It improves digestion and keep individuals off from constipation.
  • Not to mention that it helps in shedding extra body mass as the sort of saturated fat located in it could flush out the obstinate fat from the body.
  • It is also significant so as to enhance beauty (healthy hair and skin) and eyesight. Not only this but it also reinforces immunity and bones.

It is worth mentioning here that ghee is believed to be healthy. Nevertheless, too much of everything would be detrimental



Therefore, taking ghee in moderate quantity would be fine!

 Karachiites are crazy when it comes to consuming spicy street food particularly during the month of Ramazan.

You can find the carts of such items at almost every hook and nook of this Megapolis.

Not to mention that Eid-ul-Fitr is almost there and it is hard to resist when you go shopping.

But what experts have discovered must be bad news for street food junkies! They warn against imbibing those as these could mount gastrointestinal infections.

A number of items are made up of potatoes and if they place on the carts for too long, they might go off.  However, the oily snacks could cause gastric chaos if left open for a longer period.

Ferment food items like Chana chaat can be destroyed by fungi. Almost all of such items are prepared in an open milieu. And due to the pollution, the food might get contaminated with various detrimental bacteria and if this is the case of coli form bacteria then you might be in trouble because of the graver odds of developing acute diarrhea sickness.

Also, the water used in golgappas could make you sick to the stomach and you might come up

In cholera and typhoid.

The bottom line: Experts suggest that there is nothing wrong in ingesting such street foods but those should be consumed in moderate amount.

Also, not to eat anything excessively particularly during the month of Ramazan.

Our bodies already get dehydrated because of fasting and if you come out with diarrhea, then the situation would go downhill! As the temperature is soaring these days here in this Megapolis, Karachiites are finding it difficult to cope with the depressing state of affairs, particularly in the month of Ramadan.

Apart from severe weather, there are massive concerns such as water and power scarcity throughout the place that used to be called City of Lights.

In addition, now it seems as if we all have to live with such never-ending issues.

Due to severe weather, the odds are high to come up with dehydration. That in turn, triggers acute sickness particularly heat stroke, urinary and kidney chaos, cerebral edema (swelling of

brain), seizures, low blood volume shock (hypovolemic shock) etc.

Therefore, so as to deal with this dilemma, one must be careful pertaining to their health and some symptoms of dehydration.

Keeping this in view, here is equipping its viewers with a list of warning signs of this adverse sickness.

For adults, one should watch out for the signs that incorporate extreme thirst, dark and less frequent urine, light-headedness, exhaustion, headaches, excessive parched mouth, lips and eyes.

Whereas, for little ones, individuals must seek professional advice at once if they notice sunken eyes and cheeks, tearless weeping, swift breathing, dry mouth and tongue, sleepiness and urine troubles.

Is it avertable?

Yes, it certainly is. Connoisseurs reiterate that by imitating the following guidelines people can keep themselves off from this lethal disorder:

  • First thing first, consume lots of fluids, such as water (12 glasses), ORS and coconut water;
  • Mind you! Avoid sugary or fizzy beverages;
  • Prefer imbibing fruits and vegetables over meat;
  • Avoid taking caffeinated drinks like coffee, tea or some other drinks;
  • Do not roam around at the peak hours of sunshine (between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m.);
  • Put on loose-fit andlawn clothes.

However, if it is left unnoticed, one would need proper medical attention or else the situation would go downhill!

The month of Ramadan has just begun but the weather is getting wild here in this Megapolis.

Not to mention that karachiites need to deal with the water scarcity and outage stuff throughout this month of blessings.

We can see that the promises of our politicians regarding electricity or water concerns are only meant for media consumption!

So as to deal with this sweltering weather – particularly while fasting – people tend to stay and rest in the AC rooms.

However, do you know this might make you sick to your stomach?

Innumerable folks often complain of being light-headed or that their bodies have started aching all over due to AC.

It is basically AC. If you expose to the AC for too long in one long stretch, you might feel under the weather.

What to do to cope with this dilemma?

Due to the scorching weather, countless people are coming up heat rash and different sorts of skin allergies as well.

Doctors advise such patients to remain in the AC in order to soothe their pain and irritation.

First thing first, individuals make sure that they set their ACs on light to moderate cooling.

In addition, when they need to exit from their chilled cars or rooms, they must switch off the AC and wait for a while. One should not leave the place immediately so that the temperature gets normal.

Whereas, so as to avoid the harmful impacts of hot weather, one must carry parasols (umbrella that protects from UV rays) while roaming around.

It is pertinent to mention here that due to fasting, people cannot drink water, which in turn, makes them dehydrated that could put them in the hospitals.

Keeping this in the view, connoisseurs reiterate that they must consume fluids such as coconut water, ORS, and other fresh juices as much as they can and avoid soft drinks and sodas at Iftaar and Sehri.

Opt for veggies instead of meat particularly redone.

It goes sans saying that people prefer to ingest fry items as those are hard to resist especially in Ramadan. Therefore, instead of frying stuff, they could consume baked ones.

Avoid eating leftovers.


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 99 % target kids vaccinated: EOC KP Peshawar



PESHAWAR: The May round of anti-polio drive successfully conclude in selected districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with 99.25 percent vaccination status reflecting the hard work and commitment of the teams on ground that brave many challenges to vaccinate the target children.

Emergency Operations Center Khyber Pakhtunkhwa here has informed on Friday, that 4.432 million children were vaccinated so far by the teams out of the total target of 4.466 million children.

It said that 34176 children were still Not Available while total refusals stand at 13044 (0.29 %) taking the total number of missed children to 47220 which is one percent of the total target population.

Coordinator EOC Atif Rehman while appreciating the motivation and commitment of Sehat Muhafiz for polio eradication said that phenomenal achievements have been made in polio eradication due to the efforts and hard work of teams and the support of the community.

He said that last polio case in Peshawar was reported in February 2016 and it is more than two years now that the provincial capital was free of polio case which speaks volumes of the efforts put in by the teams under the guidance and supervision of the government and technical experts.

Rehman held an appeal to the parents to turn deaf ears to rumours against polio vaccination saying that the vaccine was safe and harmless and was the only option to help us reach the finishing line and eradicate the menace of polio for good from the region.

Regarding the baseless propaganda against polio vaccine on social media, Rehman said that polio vaccine was certified by World Health Organization (WHO) and Pakistan Drug Regulatory Authority and was completely safe for the children.

It is pertinent to mention here that the May campaign was the last campaign of the low transmission season and was of great importance to stop virus circulation in the province.

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Link between TB, Parkinson’s identified



ISLAMABAD: Researchers have uncovered a potential cause of Parkinson’s disease which may also help combat drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis (TB).

The biological causes of Parkinson’s remain largely unknown, making it more difficult to develop and improve treatments.

The study showed that the mechanism our immune cells use to clear bacterial infections like tuberculosis (TB) might also be implicated in Parkinson’s.

“We think that this mechanism might also be at play in Parkinson’s disease, where abnormal masses of protein called ‘Lewy bodies’ build up in neurons in the brain and cause damage,” said lead author Susanne Herbst, a post-doctoral student at the Francis Crick Institute – a biomedical research center in London.”

Drug-resistant TB is a serious emerging problem, and boosting the body’s own immune defense against TB is an important step in the battle against antibiotic-resistant strains,” said Max Gutierrez from the Crick.

The most common genetic mutation in Parkinson’s disease patients is in a gene called LRRK2, which makes the LRRK2 protein overactive.

Relevant piece published earlier: TB infects animals as well as humans. Archeologists have found TB in the bones of ancient bison that lived over 17,000 years ago. Today, we know TB is an airborne infectious disease, spread when a person with TB disease coughs, speaks or sings. When diagnosed with TB disease, a contact investigation is done to find and test people who may have been exposed to TB, the diagnosed people and the TB Infection are then treated. While anyone can contract TB, the disease thrives among people living in poverty, communities and groups that are marginalized, and other vulnerable populations. These include migrants, refugees, ethnic minorities, miners and others working and living in risk-prone settings, the elderly, marginalized women and children in many settings etc. Factors such as malnutrition, poor housing, and sanitation, compounded by other risk factors such as tobacco and alcohol use and diabetes, affect vulnerability to TB and access to care. Furthermore, this access is often hindered by catastrophic costs associated with illness, seeking and staying in care, and lack of social protection, resulting in a vicious cycle of poverty and ill-health. The transmission of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) adds great urgency to these concerns. New technologies like whole genome sequencing help public health professionals see patterns of TB transmission. This tool can help focus public health efforts to find and treat persons with TB disease and latent TB infection. Albert Calmette and Jean-Marie Camille Guerin developed the Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine in 1921. Prior to developing the BCG vaccine, Calmette developed the first antivenom to treat snake venom. The BCG vaccine is often given to infants and small children to prevent TB meningitis in countries where TB is common. BCG does not always protect people from getting TB. Today, four drugs are used to treat TB disease: isoniazid (1951), pyrazinamide (1952), ethambutol (1961), and rifampin (1966). This 4-drug cocktail is still the most common treatment for drug-susceptible TB. In addition to treating TB disease, we can treat latent TB infection to prevent the development of TB disease in the future. Treatment for latent TB infection can take from three to nine months.

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Cycling increases rate of life expectancy!



ISLAMABAD: Walking down to office or cycling can increase the rate of life expectancy. Physical activity, including less vigorous forms such as walking and cycling, reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, but despite this well-known benefit, levels of activity are still low in many countries.

A team of researchers from the University of Cambridge, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and Imperial College London investigated the associations between using alternatives to the car which are more active for commuting and non-commuting purposes, and illness and mortality.

According to the research, cycling was less prevalent, being mentioned by 8.5% and 7% of regular commuters for commuting and non-commuting travel, respectively, and by 4.8% of other participants, Medical Xpress reported.

“More active patterns of travel were associated with a reduced risk of incident and fatal Cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in adults.

This is an important message for clinicians advising people about how to be physically active and reduce their risk of disease,” said the researchers.

The study concluded that interventions that encourage people to make more use of public transport, walking and cycling could be more widely promoted.

Relevant piece published earlier: Cycling is known to be the best sort of workout.  It does not only endorse good health but also endows with a number of health advantages such as augmenting the immune structure, assisting in the toning of muscles, help in combating psychological concern. As a matter of fact, it has been now pointed out via fresh findings that cycling has innumerable health benefits for improved heart-health and merely 20 minutes of cycling can keep you off from heart-related syndromes. A study carried out by the Purdue University revealed that cycling on a daily basis could push down the peril of having heart ailment up to 50%. Likewise, the Copenhagen Heart Study (comprising on more than 5000 individuals) discovered a noteworthy connection between cycling and diminished threat of Coronary Heart Disease Mortality. As per the figures, some 30 percent individuals lost their lives due to cardiovascular ailments across the world per annum.    Less physical activity poses adverse threats to human life. In this regard, as per the World Health Organization (WHO), deficiency of bodily commotion is among the ten leading triggers of demise globally. The officials of WHO commends that people between the ages of 18 to 64 years should do approximately 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity all through the week.

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