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Rain likely at scattered places, isolated heavy falls at few areas

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Six dead in Punjab

ISLAMABAD: Rain-thundershower with gusty winds is expected at scattered places in Punjab, Kashmir, and federal capital and at isolated places in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, central Punjab and Gilgit-Baltistan during the next 24 hours while isolated heavy falls are also forecast at few places.
Rainfall is likely at Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Lahore, Hazara divisions, Kashmir and Islamabad, while at isolated places in Malakand, Peshawar, Kohat, Bannu, Mardan, D.I Khan, Zhob, Faisalabad, Sargodha divisions and Gilgit-Baltistan during this time span.
Seasonal low lies over north Balochistan with its trough extending northeastwards. Monsoon currents are continuously penetrating upper parts of the country and likely to continue coming days, an official of Met office told APP.
In the last 24 hours, the weather remained hot and humid in most parts of the country. However, rain-thundershower with gusty winds occurred at isolated places in Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Lahore divisions, Kashmir and Islamabad.
Rainfall recorded during this time duration was:Punjab: Lahore (A/P) 11mm, Sialkot Cantt 03mm, Islamabad (Saidpur), Murree 01mm, Kashmir: Kotli 07mm.
The maximum temperature recorded on Sunday remained: Dadu 44°C, Sukkur, SH.BENAZIRABAD, Bhakkar, Turbat 43°C, Chitral, Gilgit 40°C, Quetta, Faisalabad 38°C, Peshawar 37°C, Lahore, Multan 36°C, Muzaffarabad, Hyderabad 34°C, Islamabad 32°C, Karachi 31°C and Murree 23°C.

 

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Brace for extra-warm weather through 2022: study

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PARIS: Manmade global warming and a natural surge in Earth’s surface temperature will join forces to make the next five years exceptionally hot, according to a study published Tuesday.
The double whammy of climate change and so-called natural variability more than doubles the likelihood of “extreme warm events” in ocean surface waters, creating a dangerous breeding ground for hurricanes and typhoons, they reported in Nature Communications.
“This warm phase is reinforcing long-term climate change,” lead author Florian Sevellec, a climate scientist at the University of Brest in France, told the Media. “This particular phase is expected to continue for at least five years.”
Earth’s average surface temperature has always fluctuated.  Over the last million years, it vacillated roughly every 100,000 years between ice ages and balmy periods warmer than today.
Over the last 11,000 years, those variations have become extremely modest, allowing our species to flourish.
Manmade climate change — caused by billions of tonnes of greenhouse gases injected into the atmosphere, mainly over the last century — has come on top of those small shifts, and today threatens to overwhelm them.
Teasing apart the influence of carbon pollution and natural variation has long bedeviled scientists trying hey to quantify the impact of climate change on cyclones, droughts, floods and other forms of extreme weather.
Sevellec and his colleagues tackled the problem in a different way. First, they focused on the natural fluctuations that – for most climate scientists – are “noise” obscuring the climate change fingerprint.
Second, they used a streamlined statistical approach rather than the comprehensive climate models that generate most long-term forecasts.
“We developed a system for predicting interannual” – or short-term – “natural variations in climate,” Sevellec said.
“For the period 2018-2022, we found an anomaly equivalent to the impact of anthropogenic warming.”
Natural warming, in other words, will have about the same impact as manmade climate change over the next five years.
The likelihood of a marine heatwave or other ocean “warming events” is predicted to increase by 150 percent.
The new method – dubbed PROCAST, for PRObabilistic foreCAST – was tested against past temperature records and proved at least as accurate as standard models.
It can be run in seconds on a laptop, rather than requiring weeks of computing time on a super-computer.
“This opens of the possibility of doing climate forecasts to more researchers, especially in countries that don’t have easy access to super-computers,” Sevellec said.
The researchers intend to adapt their system to make regional predictions, and – in addition to temperature — to estimate rainfall and drought trends.
The Paris climate treaty calls for capping global warming at “well below” two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), and 1.5 C if deemed feasible.
On current trends, however, Earth is on track to heat up by twice that much before the end of the century.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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How to determine sacrificial animals’ health?

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MULTAN: The Livestock Department advised the people to take special care while purchasing sacrificial animals on Eid-ul-Azha as some precautionary steps are helpful in determining the health of sacrificial animals.
Most of the citizens visit the cattle market once a year, to purchase animals and they lack information about some very important features to determine their health. According to Livestock Department Focal Person Dr. Majid, people should get gloves and caps from staffers of Livestock Department before entering into cattle market for purchasing animals.
Citizens should carefully observe ticks or lice on hides of animals and in case they found ticks then they must manage anti-ticks spray or injections before purchasing.  Citizens should also check the sitting place of animals and monitor the urine and dung of animals. If they found urine and dung in the normal state then they should purchase the animal, he informed.
Dr. Majid further remarked that an animal should be alert and active in the movement, and he advised the people to purchase animals in daylight instead of night time because they could assess the health of animals easily.
There should be no swelling, inflammation or redness on the legs of animals.  Similarly, citizens should also minutely observe stains of diarrhea at any part of the animal body.
There should be no eye secretions, no marks of lesions or redness at any part of the body.  “If there are some eye secretions then it could be the sign of eye worms diseases in animals. Similarly, nasal discharge is also one symptom of trachea and lungs infections. The skin of animal should be bright  and dull skin indicates symptoms of dehydration in  animals.”
The official added that some cattle dealers used to sell female animals. The citizens should approach a team of Livestock Depart, which is present in all cattle markets, for pregnancy test of the animals.
“If a citizen purchase animal from a farmer instead of the cattle market  then he should call at Help Line 08000-9211 of Livestock Department  for determining the pregnancy test.”
Citizens should identify the special place in their homes for temporary accomodation of animals. It should be a vast, spacious and nature friendly environment, he maintained.
The animals should not be tied with an electric pole or near barbed wires. “Keep animals away from other animals so that they should not fight one another. It is often seen that citizens used to tie animals quite near and they start hitting one another.”
Children should not be allowed to bring their cattle on roads. Sometime, animals get out of control and start running on roads which could cause injury to animals or cause road mishaps, the official added.
Similarly, they should manage vehicles which could easily transport the animal from market to home.
It is observed that some farmers as well as citizens used motorcycles or cars for the transport of the small animals which cause injuries to animals as well as citizens.
To a query about precautionary measures to deal ticks if found on animals, the focal person informed that they had set up 21 pickets in Multan Division for anti-ticks spray on animals.
Three pickets have been introduced in district Multan, five in Khanewal, five in Lodhran and eight in district Vehari.  He informed that thousands of animals have been sprayed in these districts by officials of Livestock Department during last few days.
Dr. Majid also suggested citizens to approach professional butchers only for slaughtering of animals as immature and non-professional butchers damage animal hides which are not only loss of hide but also damage its exports returns.
Similarly, the hides should be kept in shopper after applying salt on it, he advised.  Sometime, hides are thrown in a corner of the house, which is not properly cleaned. If the hide is pulled along the ground instead of lifting it, then it damaged due to friction and sometimes dust particles mixed into it which also destroy the quality of hides, he concluded.

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France to set penalties on non-recycled plastic next year

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PARIS: France plans to introduce a penalty system next year that would increase the costs of consumer goods with packaging made of non-recycled plastic, part of a pledge to use only recycled plastic nationwide by 2025, an environment ministry official said today. 
Brune Poirson, secretary of state for ecological transition, said the move was one of several to be implemented in coming years, including a deposit-refund scheme for plastic bottles.
“Declaring war on plastic is not enough. We need to transform the French economy,” she told the Journal du Dimanche newspaper.
Under the new plan, products with recycled plastic packaging could cost up to 10 percent less, while those containing non-recycled plastic up to 10 percent more, Poirson said.
“When there’s a choice between two bottles, one made of recycled plastic and the other without, the first will be less expensive,” she said.
Emmanuel Guichard of the Elipso federation of plastic packaging makers gave a cautious welcome to the plan.
“For bottles, giving consumers a choice is possible. But we can’t forget other items – today there’s no recycled plastics available for yogurt pots,” he said.
“We’re hoping that companies play the game so that clients aren’t the ones penalized” by the new measure, said Flore Berlingen of the association Zero Waste France.
The French government also aims to increase taxes on burying trash in landfills while cutting taxes for recycling operations, hoping to address the growing problem of tonnes of plastic finding its way into oceans.
In a sign of growing public awareness of the problem, France is among several countries hit recently by a wave of “plastic attacks” — where shoppers dump all the packaging of their purchases outside stores.
“When non-recycled plastic will cost more, that will eliminate much of the excessive packaging,” Poirson said.
France currently recycles around 25 percent of its plastic, according to the magazine 60 Million Consumers.
It has already outlawed single-use plastic bags in supermarkets unless they can be composted, hoping to encourage people to shop with their own bags.
The Carrefour and Leclerc supermarket chains have also said they will quit selling plastic straws in the coming months, ahead of a law outlawing them by 2020.
The European Commission also wants to sharply cut down on single-use plastic objects, announcing in May rules requiring the use of alternative materials and incentives for businesses.
Plastic production has soared more than 40 percent globally over the past 10 years, mainly for packaging.

 

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