EXCLUSIVE NEWSPAKISTAN.TV PHOTO
KARACHI: Pundits have just conducted a study aimed at identifying illegitimate wildlife trade in Pakistan.
According to the surveys, conducted in 23 cities’ 55 markets across the country, it transpired that Port city tops the list with 12 markets and 42 shops when it comes to buy and sell animals/species unlawfully.
Whereas, Peshawar got the second position with seven markets and 33 shops. However, no such markets have been found in Islamabad, Gwadar, Jiwani, Murree and Nagarparkar localities, claimed the study titled An assessment of the scale of illegal wildlife trade in Pakistan.
It is to be noted that ingestion of dried meat of the Indian cobra and sand lizard has been reported extensive in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab.
Illegitimate trade of pets was mainly reported in bigger districts like Karachi and Lahore as, the demand here for exotic pets is high.
The panel discovered some 55 wildlife species, of which 40 percent were mammals (leopard cat, Indian palm civet, Pallas cat, chinkara, hog deer, grey langur, Asiatic jackal, Indian pangolin, rhesus monkey, common leopard, African lion and Himalayan black bear cubs), 39 percent birds, 19 percent reptiles, whereas only 2 percent were invertebrates (Arachnida).
It was also pointed out that the business of illegal wildlife trade is also going on upon websites so as to reach to more and more cities and provinces.
It is pertinent to mention here that wildlife and the police department bite their tongues instead of taking strict measures and thus, the illegal business is sweeping like wildfire here.
The study was authored by Dr Uzma Khan and Hamera Aisha, supported by USAID and funded by World Wide Fund for Nature-Pakistan (WWF-P).
Franco-Pak cooperation in water sector: Special Report on World Water Day
ISLAMABAD: Initiated in 1993 by the General Assembly of the United Nations, the World Water Day is celebrated every year on 22nd March. The objective of this event is to raise public awareness on water issues and to draw attention of governments and private sector on the importance of water.
In front of climate change threats, particularly on water resources, global initiatives on water and climate, such as the Paris Pact for Water and Climate, the Megacity Alliance for Water and the climate, the incubator platform “100 projects for water and climate in Africa”, are generating a strong mobilization.
This platform, created during COP22 to consolidate projects and facilitate financing, has been highlighted by France’s One Planet Summit last December 12th and is part of the 12 commitments made on this occasion (“Protecting land and water resources against the effects of climate change”).
France has put water access issues at the heart of its development aid activities, most often in consultation with the best-performing French companies in this area of water supply and sanitation.
Franco-Pakistani cooperation in water sector in Faisalabad has been running successfully for six years, meeting thus the priorities of the federal government and the province of Punjab.
More than 30 million Euros were spent, as part of an intergovernmental financial protocol signed at the end of 2010, at phase-1 of a project of extension of water resources in Faisalabad.
This contract, which has been implemented by French companies Artélia and Vinci Grands Projets, is currently being finalized. The continuation of this project is under study.
A French funding, approved in 2017, of almost one million Euros will furthermore aim to set up a training program for the staff of the public agencies of water sector for the purpose of capacity building.
Pakistan’s vulnerability to climate change, particularly desertification and depletion of water resources, in the context of population growth and accelerated urbanization, constitutes a major challenge.
France intends to continue and deepen its cooperation with Pakistan to provide its expertise and know-how for a better water management in the interest of an increasing number of citizens.
Jaggran Hydro-Power Project
Deforestation and its effects!
AMMAR AHMAD KHAN
Plants are the most aesthetic sights of the world. Simply because of the sheer number of animals that inhabit them. When we are children the world is so wonderful isn’t it? Full of delight and curiosity lurks around the corner. A pity that all we seem to do is cut them down instead of planting them.
All over the world, forests are being cut down and animals die as a result of losing not only their habitats but also the plants and animals they feed on.
Adults know the reason for this common occurrence but for those who are either ignorant or even biased, the true reason is quite simple.
We have changed as a whole from people who cared about the environment to people who don’t care about our own family.
Due to our love for money and the inevitable situations created by power hungry politicians many actions are now considered justified without a second thought as to who will be affected or how.
A simple situation is given, a man cuts down trees and either sells the wood or brings it home to be used as firewood, and he doesn’t care about how many animals may die as a result of the tree not being there anymore because he has to feed the hungry mouths of his family.
The true fact of the matter is that despite the fact that sustainable development and restorative actions can and should be taken are not taking place. The reason is because it doesn’t line the pockets of the government, of any government with money that they will spend on completely immoral and useless items.
The whole world is slowly becoming a gigantic machine, one that needs to make money to survive. It seems that we’ve forgotten about our ancestors surviving even when there was less or that there are entire civilazations that never even heard of money and were living peacefully while utilizing their natural resources in sustainable ways.
Back to the matter at hand though, deforestation is a serious issue despite whatever way we may ignore it. Simply because soon enough we wont be left alive to see the results.
When a scientist studies a topic they (and this applies to all fields of science) do comprehensive tests. Meaning they take a look at most of the possible effects and to further the proof that their studies are correct, until proven wrong by another scientist’s theories, they even make small scale models and study the effects of different situations on environments and their topic respectively.
So lets make this article slightly different from the others alright, I mean that’s the entire reason you’re even reading or considering reading this, right?
- Plants/trees hold soil together. So what happens when you cut down those trees/plants,
You get landslides right.
- Fewer plants mean less water. Trees and plants cause water to evaporate faster and in abundance so when we cut them down we essentially cause less rain to fall which in turn means fewer plants grow.
- Animals of all sizes and shapes depend on plants for food. When we cut down trees we basically kill off dozens of animals indirectly.
- Plants recycle gases and give off oxygen needed by humans to breath. Cut them down and you just want the future generations to die off slowly.
Forests play an important role in the world. It is the source of development of country. It is called the natural resource gifted by Allah the Almighty. It is also the source of earning money. It cleans the environment and avoids the people from diseases. According to experts the country should be covered by 25% but unfortunately in Pakistan the total area of the country covered is only 4%.
They are very important to human life and the beauty of nature. However deforestation has brought a huge change to the earth. The world is being polluted; the ratio of pollution is increased in the country. It is affecting the ozone layer. Allah the Almighty has given us a mind to use the things in a limit.
Human use the earth for houses, roads etc but unfortunately for the fulfilling their wishes or desires, they are cutting the forests increasingly. People cut them but don’t plant new ones. Among these Baluchistan is in worst conditions; in all provinces of the country just KPK is somehow better then others. Furthermore, they are cleaning the land of forest and trees. Most of the land is being used in various ways such as building, houses as well as agricultural sector.
South Asian countries have long started protecting their forests in recognition of their important role as water catchments, as homes for biodiversity and indigenous peoples, and as carbon storage.
Even poor Himalayan countries, like Bhutan, have a remarkable forest cover of 72%; while Nepal has 39.6 per cent of its total land under forests (this includes 29 per cent dense forests). India has also successfully increased its forest cover to 23 per cent, while our forests are fast disappearing.
For almost a decade or longer we have not taken steps to prevent such actions but now we prove to right the wrongs slowly.
Pakistan’s northwestern province, Khyber Pakhtunkhaw (KPK), has planted an unprecedented 1 billion trees in just more than two years and surpassed an international commitment of restoring 350,000 hectares of forests and degraded land.
The massive effort aims to turn the tide on land degradation and loss in the mountainous, formerly forested KPK, which lies in the Hindu Kush mountain range.
Imran Khan, head of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party governing the province, launched the reforestation campaign, dubbed “Billion Tree Tsunami,” in 2015.
The cricket-star-turned politician revealed to VOA (Voice of America) that the goal of adding 1 billion trees by planting and natural regeneration has been achieved this month, well ahead of the original deadline of December 2017.
He says his party plans to organize a special event in Islamabad in late August to celebrate the successful completion of the project, and experts as well as foreign diplomats will be invited.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in a statement Friday congratulated the Pakistani province on reaching the “momentous milestone.”
“This marks the first Bonn Challenge pledge to reach its restoration goal,” the organization noted.
The Bonn Challenge, set up in 2011, calls for the restoration of 150 million hectares of deforested and degraded lands by 2020, and 350 million hectares by 2030.
More than 20 countries have so far responded to the challenge, expressing an ambition to restore more than 60 million hectors by 2020 with more commitments expected.
KPK’s reforestation campaign made it the only province or subnational entity to be included in the Bonn Challenge.
“The Billion Tree Tsunami initiative is a true conservation success story, one that further demonstrates Pakistan’s leadership role in the international restoration effort and continued commitment to the Bonn Challenge,” acknowledged Inger Anderson, director general of IUCN.
Many small-scale nurseries, producing up to 25,000 saplings each, have been set up with cash advances and a guaranteed purchase agreement from the provincial government.
The KPK government has invested $123 million to help establish 13,000 private tree nurseries in almost every district of the province, producing hundreds of thousands of saplings of local and imported tree varieties, including pines, walnuts and eucalyptus, officials say.
This has boosted local incomes, generated thousands of green jobs, and empowered unemployed youth and women in the province. An additional $100 million will be allocated to maintain the project through June 2020.
“This support makes the project one of the largest eco-investments ever made in Pakistan,” according to the IUCN.
It noted the newly planted trees are reinforcing riverbanks and add tree resources to agricultural lands engaged in farm forestry. They also improve biodiversity by restoring wildlife shelters and contribute to CO2 sequestration through new tree plantations.
“But we could not have done it if the local communities were not involved,” Khan said. “The local communities first grew the nurseries and then amongst them people who then protected the trees, the saplings when they were planted. It is one of the most successful experiments ever, and we have 85 percent survival rate.”
Experts at World Wildlife Fund-Pakistan, which is monitoring and auditing the tree-planting effort in KPK, say the project has been an environmental, economic and social success, with one of the highest survival rates of trees in the world, ranging from 70 to 90 percent.
“If the trend continues, there will be more birds, there will be more microbes, and there will be more insects, so there will be more animals, so more habitats. The ecosystem will kind of literally revive in certain places. There will be more rain because we do need it,” Hamaad Khan Naqi, WWF-Pakistan’s director general, told VOA.
PTI’s Khan says the provincial government has enforced a complete ban on the cutting and felling of trees in reserved forests across KPK.
Authorities have also curtailed activities of the powerful “timber mafia” by dismantling hundreds of illegal sawmills and arresting timber cutters.
At least two forest guards have been killed in such encounters while many braved injuries, Khan said.
The popularity and recognition of the provincial initiative has encouraged the central government last year to announce its own “Green Pakistan” program, with a goal to plant more than 100 million trees in the next five years.
1 killed, 15 injured as 4.9 magnitude earthquake shakes Pakistan!
KARACHI: A number of people belonging to all the provinces of Pakistan have been calling Newspakistan.tv since morning in order to inquire about tremors due to which many mud houses collapsed killing one minor girl in Lasbela and injuring dozens.
According to details epicenter of the earthquake – measuring 6.1 on Richter scale – was in Hindu Kush region (/Afghanistan’s Jarm area) and its depth was 191.2km. The earthquake jolted parts of neighbouring Afghanistan, India and Kashmir.
However, in Pakistan jolts measuring 4.9-5.1 on Richter scale were experienced in many cities including Charsadda, Gujranwala, Haripur, Islamabad, Karachi,Lahore,Murree, Peshawar, Quetta, Sargodha, Shangla.
It is pertinent to mention here that many organisations called it a day due to tremors including the Parliament and Supreme Court.
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