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Discovery reveals grape-wine was first made some 8000 years ago!

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M. M. ALAM

MIAMI: Researchers (from Canada, Denmark, France, Georgia, Israel, Italy and USA) making their work public here said yesterday (13th of November) that a pottery jar unearthed in Georgia has convinced them that men had started making grape-wine some 8000 years ago.

Co-author and a research associate at the University of Toronto maintained: “We believe this is the oldest example of the domestication of a wild-growing Eurasian grapevine solely for the production of wine”.

The team of savants  used a combination of mass spectrometry and chromatography techniques to identify the ancient compounds. And by means of this chemical analysis researchers found out the fingerprint compound for grape-wine: the tartaric acid. 

The researchers had been analyzing archaeological sites (originally discovered long ago).

TBILISI: Fragments (of pottery used to make wine – decorated with grape motifs – were able to hold some 300l) recovered from sites about 50 kilometers  south from here, are roughly 8,000 years old.

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PS: It is pertinent to mention here that Chinese commenced mixing (wild) grape-wine with rice beer and other ingredients some 9000 years ago.

 

 

 

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Plagued Modi trying to hide behind anti-Pak rhetoric

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ISLAMABAD: After being exposed by the French government for influencing 36 Rafale fighter planes deal, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has charged his cannons to fire obsolete anti-Pakistan rhetoric to mock fanatic Indians.
The Rafale scandal has been a burning question since the opposition blew the whistle of hefty corruption when Modi announced to purchase the French fighter jets on his visit to Paris. The opposition party ‘Congress’ has accused the government for choosing Reliance Defence over state-run Hindustan Aeronautics Limited to benefit the private firm though it did not have any experience in the aerospace sector.
The Congress also demanded the Modi government to elucidate the thrice increase in the prices of the jets which was a mere eyewash that erupted a huge corruption scandal narrating unprecedented plundering of public money.
Interestingly, prior to the Modi government, the deal to purchase the Rafale aircraft was also done during the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government where its largest member party is the Indian National Congress.
According to the Congress, the cost of an aircraft at that time was Indian Rs 5900 million, while the deal was finalized by the Modi government three times the price.
Congress President Rahul Gandhi also boiled a hot war on the social media portal Twitter slamming PM Modi for betraying the country. Rahul said, “The Prime Minister spoke privately about Rafael Deal behind the closed door and made a change in it. He has betrayed the country and insulted our martyrs”.
The former French President Francois Hollande according to a French media report clarified: “The Indian government proposed Reliance Defence as the partner for Dassault Aviation in the Rafale jet fighter deal and France did not have a choice”.
According to reports in Indian media, the French government claimed to have no involvement in the choice of Indian industrial partners for the Rafale fighter jet deal, insisting that French companies have full freedom to select Indian firms for the contract.
Dassault Aviation, the makers of Rafale, had chosen Reliance Defence as its partner to fulfill offset obligations of the deal. The government has been maintaining it did not have any role in selection of the offset partner by Dassault.
In a statement, Dassault Aviation said it decided to partner with Reliance Defence in accordance with the policy of ‘Made in India’.
In the recent escalating crisis over the controversy, Congress President Rahul Gandhi has alleged that “Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Anil Ambani jointly carried out a multi-billion ‘surgical strike’ on the defense forces.”
The Indian Air Force (IAF) had termed that deal as oxygen for Indian Defence but allegations of corruption on PM Modi has raised many questions about the transparency of the deal.
After a plethora of allegations against Modi, the Indian Prime Minister opted for anti-Pakistan rhetoric to hoodwink his masses no matter that Indian opposition parties themselves exposed the real face of Modi’s BJP not before the Indian citizens but also the world democracies.
The PM Modi’s narrative against Pakistan was not well taken by Indians themselves as the mega corruption charges in an important defense project raises questions on his own commitment to safeguarding his motherland and the opposition called him ‘the plunderer instead of protector of national assets.’
Modi has now entered into a blind alley and retaliates through outmaneuvering repeated trivial narrative with greater lucidity to pacify the lurking public outrage. His people, the neighboring countries as well as world democracies have ample substance to understand as to why he denied dialogue with Pakistan.

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China set up power projects under PPA: Ahsan Iqbal

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ISLAMABAD: Member National Assembly Ahsan Iqbal on Monday said that 35 billion dollar energy projects had been set up under China Pakistan Economic Corridor’s (CPEC) Power Purchase Agreement (PPA).
Speaking in the National Assembly he said, “We have not taken even a single penny loan to set up power projects under China Pakistan Economic Corridor as all the projects had been established by the private sector of China in line with the PPA.”
Under the agreement, he said, the generated electricity will be added to the national grid as per rate determined by the National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA).
“We should be grateful to China for making such a huge investment in Pakistan when other countries and local investors are shying to invest ten dollars”.
He appreciated the Chinese government for helping Pakistan in difficult times to end load-shedding from the country.

 

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Saudi Envoy hosts 88th National Day reception!

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ISLAMABAD: Saudi Ambassador to Pakistan Nawaf bin Said Al-Malki on Monday said Prime Minister Imran Khan’s decision to choose Saudi Arabia as the destination of his first official visit abroad after assuming the office reflected the sincere intention of the new government to work with Saudi Arabia and that the Kingdom was Pakistan’s first and foremost ally strategically.
The Ambassador expressed these views in his remarks at a ceremony he hosted here at the Embassy of Saudi Arabia to commemorate the national day of Kingdom.
Conspicous among those who attended the ceremony were Minister for Defence Pervez Khattak, Minister for Information and Broadcasting Ch. Fawad Hussain, Minister for Religious Affairs  Noor-ul-Haq Qadri, Shahbaz Sharif, Raja Zafarul Haq, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, Chaudhry Pervez  Ilahi, Muhammad Mian Soomro, Sartaj Aziz, and Maulana Tahir Ashrafi.

Ambassador Nawaf said Saudi-Pak relations were characterized by its strength and durability as those were deeply rooted for more than seven decades after the independence of Pakistan.
“These historical ties of strategic depth are based on the principle of brotherhood and religion,” he added. Ambassador Nawaf said the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia harbors extreme love and appreciation for the Pakistani nation, and similar love and appreciation was present in the hearts of Pakistanis because the Kingdom has a special place in their hearts due to the existence of the two Holy Mosques.
“There are more than two and a half million Pakistani brothers living in the Kingdom and contributing in our revitalization and prosperity,” he added. The Saudi Ambassador along with the guests cut a cake to mark the national day of Kingdom.

A photo exhibition, depicting various aspects of the Saudi society, was also organized on the occasion. Traditional Saudi dance was also presented.

Ceremonial Cake-cutting Defence Minister Pervez Khattak keenly viewing photographs during a reception on the occasion of 88th National Day of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Minister for Defence Production Zubaida Jalal being received by Ambassador of Saudi Arabia Nawaf Saeed Al-Malkiy during a reception on the occasion of 88th National Day of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 

Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting Chaudhary Fawad Hussain being received by Ambassador of Saudi Arabia Nawaf Saeed Al-Malkiy during a reception on the occasion of 88th National Day of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.  

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