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Diabetics need to take extra care of their feet during winter

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AIMAN INAM

 

KARACHI: Plummeting mercury brings serious predicament in tandem for diabetics.

For instance, uneven flow and nerve damage could trigger foot troubles.

Winters wreak wetness between the socks, feet and toes, which can then structure micro-organisms that could trigger contagion.

Towel-dry Feet: Bearing this in mind, experts suggest that diabetics should change damp socks and towel-dry their feet (particularly the zone amid their toes) as much as they can.

Besides, they should keep their feet moisturized on a daily basis so as to thwart their skin from itching and cracking. Nevertheless, do not apply moisturizer in the middle of the toes as this could cause a fungal infection.

Numbness Owing to Neuropathy: Due to the numbness generated by neuropathy, diabetics cannot feel the burning sensation on their feet. Therefore, they can undergo second or third-degree burns, which can lead them to severe foot issues.

Moisture-Wicking Socks: Diabetics should also shun the use of electric blankets, heated shoe inserts and heating pads etc. In addition, ahead of taking a bath, they should always check the temperature of water by means of hands or a thermometer to ensure it is not too hot.

However, in order to keep their socks dry and warm during cold weather they should put on moisture-wicking socks.

Experts also urged that people with diabetes should get their foot analyzed regularly by a healthcare provider.

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Health

Affordable way to prevent stunting: An egg a day makes young people grow taller!

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KARACHI: Whether soft or hard-boiled, fried or whisked into an omelette, eggs appear to give infants a boost.

According to a report published in Pediatrics (journal published by American Academy of Pediatrics), egg could be an affordable answer to the menace of stunting (that leaves children too short for their age). 

Researchers hold that first two years of life are critical for growth and development and stunting is largely irreversible.

They further point out that poor nutrition is a major cause of stunting, along with childhood infections and illnesses.

According to WHO 155 million children under the age of five are stunted. Most live in low-and middle-income countries and health experts have been looking at ways to tackle the issue.

ONE EGG A DAY: 

Half of the 160 youngsters who took part in a random trial were fed an egg a day for six months – the others were monitored for comparison. Families were visited every week to ensure the plan’s regularity and to check for any allergies or side effects.

Stunting was reduced in the treatment group by the end of the study. Occurrence was 47% less than in the non-egg group, even though egg-fed infants were considered short for their age at the start.

Some of the children in the control group did eat eggs, but nowhere near as many as the treatment group.

The lead researcher said: “We were surprised by just how effective this intervention proved to be, and what’s great is the affordability for populations vulnerable to hidden hunger or nutritional deficiency.”

It was noted that eggs were great food for young children with small stomachs: “Eggs contain a combination of nutrients, which we think is important.”

A lead nutritionist at the Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health, said: “In a way, it is surprising that more research has not been conducted using egg in this situation – although in some cultures, parents do not necessarily find egg to be an acceptable early food due to allergy concerns.

Lead researcher advised that eggs should always be well-cooked to avoid any potential infection risk.   Eggs are a good nutritious complementary food that can be introduced as part of a varied diet once the mother decides to start complementary feeding, never before four months.”

WHO recommends mothers worldwide to:

* Exclusively breastfeed infants for the child’s first six months to achieve optimal growth, development and health.

* After the first six months, infants should be given nutritious complementary foods and continue breastfeeding up to the age of two years or beyond.

British Nutrition Foundation maintains:

* While eggs are a nutritious food to include, it’s very essential for young children to have a variety of foods in a diet. Necessary to get all the vitamins and minerals needed, but also to become familiar with a wide range of tastes and textures.

* A range of protein-rich foods should be provided when feeding young children, which can include eggs but can also feature beans, pulses, fish, especially oily fish, meat and dairy products.

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Health

Anti-Polio vaccination campaign begins today in Pakistan!

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ISLAMABAD: An anti-polio vaccination campaign began today in different parts of the country.
The campaign is scheduled to be run in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Baluchistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata), Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Kashmir for three days, while in Rawalpindi and Karachi it will continue for six  days.
Around 2.3 million children up to age five years will be administered anti-polio drops in 188 union councils of Karachi during the campaign.
In Fata and KPK, over 6.7 million children will be vaccinated. In Rawalpindi, 811,000 children would be administered polio drops and 2.4 will be vaccinated in Baluchistan.
Similarly, the government planned to vaccinated 1.75 million children.

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Health

Avoid depression to live longer!

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TORONTO: People who suffer from depression may not live as long as persons who don’t experience this mental health disarray, a Canadian study suggests.

Researchers went through six decades of mental health and mortality data on 3,410 adults during three time periods: 1952 to 1967, 1968 to 1990 and 1991 to 2011.

It transpired that depression was related to the risk of early death in every decade of the study for men and (starting in the 1990s for) women.

The connection between shorter lifespan and depression emerge strongest in the years following a depressive episode, leading the researchers to conclude that at least part of the risk might be minimized by effectively treating the mental illness.

Depression has long been associated to different kinds of health problems. It may lead to physiological changes in the body and  develop unhealthy habits like a poor diet, inactivity, smoking and excessive drinking.

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