GENEVA: Some 9.6 million people will die of cancer in 2018, according to a report of the Global Cancer Statistics 2018 released Wednesday by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which is part of the World Health Organization (WHO).
The number of people around the world who have cancer is growing rapidly, with 18.1 million new cases, the report said.
Cancers of the lung, female breast, and colorectum are the top three cancers in terms of incidence and are ranked within the top five in terms of mortality. The three cancers are together responsible for one-third of the cancer incidence and mortality burden worldwide, a WHO report warned on Wednesday.
That means one in five men and one in six women worldwide develop cancer during their lifetime, and one in eight men and one in 11 women die from the disease. Worldwide, the total number of people who are alive within five years of a cancer diagnosis, called the five-year prevalence, is estimated to be 43.8 million.
Together, these three cancer types are responsible for one-third of the cancer cases and mortality burden worldwide.
Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men, accounting for 14.5 percent of the total cases in men and 8.4 percent in women, and the leading cause of cancer death in men. It’s also the leading cause of cancer death in women in 28 countries, with the highest incidence rates in women seen in North America, Northern, and Western Europe, China, and Australia and New Zealand.
The increasing cancer burden globally is due to several factors, including population growth and aging as well as the changing prevalence of certain causes of cancer linked to social and economic development, the report concludes.
This is particularly true in rapidly growing economies, where a shift is observed from cancers related to poverty and infections to cancers associated with lifestyles more typical of industrialized countries.
5-Day anti-polio drive from Sep 24
RAWALPINDI: A five-day anti-polio drive would commence in the entire district from September 24.
During the campaign,2181 polio teams would go door-to-door and administer polio drops to 840,000 children less than five years of age, Chief Executive Officer (CEO- Health) Dr. Khalid Mehmood told the Media. He said staff deployed for the campaign has been issued special instructions and informed that no negligence in this regard would be tolerated.
Dr. Khalid said that 287 fixed centers and 287 transit points have been designated for the purpose. Moreover, he added that 217 Union council Supervisors and 448 area in charges have also been deployed for it. Sufficient quantity of vaccine is available, and no stone will be left unturned in our efforts to make the campaign a success.
said Polio is a National issue and it is the responsibility of all to play an effective role to make the country Polio free
The CEO urged the citizens, particularly the parents, to come forward and play their role in the elimination of the crippling disease from society. “The parents should cooperate with the special teams so that the set target could be achieved.” He said continuous efforts were being made to control polio. Special teams have also been formed to cover areas from where complaints about unattended children are registered, he said, adding that special arrangements have also been made to cover Cantonment Board areas of Rawalpindi.
Common painkiller tied to increased risk of heart problems
ISLAMABAD: The commonly used painkiller diclofenac may be linked with an increased risk of heart problems, a large Danish study suggests.
Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that are often used to treat arthritis and other painful joint conditions. In many countries, it is available without a prescription, a private news channel reported.
Researchers found that the rate of first-time cardiovascular events was 20 to 30 percent higher among people who started taking diclofenac than among people who started taking ibuprofen or naproxen, which are also NSAIDs, or paracetamol (acetaminophen). These events included heart attacks, development of an irregular heart rhythm called atrial fibrillation, or death from heart problems.
The rate of new heart problems was 50 percent higher for diclofenac users than for people who weren’t taking any painkillers.
The researchers analyzed data from the Danish national patient registry. Altogether, they had information on nearly 1.4 million diclofenac users, 3.9 million ibuprofen users, 292,000 naproxen users, 765,00 paracetamol users, and 1.3 million people not on any of these painkillers.
“It is important to note that the absolute risk for the individual patient is low,” Morten Schmidt, lead author of the study, told Reuters Health in an email.
Anti-polio campaign to start in Karachi from today
KARACHI: Mass immunization campaigns, known as National Immunization Days (NIDs), would be started from today to administer anti-polio drops along with the supplement of Vitamin A to over 2.3 million children up to five years of age in all 188 union councils in the metropolis during seven days.
More than 9000 polio teams will perform their duties in the campaign, it was decided in a meeting chaired by Commissioner Karachi Muhammad Sualeh Farooqui, at his office, said a statement on Sunday. Briefing about security arrangements it was told the meeting that foolproof security arrangements have been made to ensure the security of polio teams. The meeting was attended among others by Municipal Commissioner KMC Dr. Saifur Rehman, all Deputy commissioners, all district and town health officers, officials of Police, Pakistan Rangers, Health
Department, Emergency Operation Centres (EOC). The Commissioner stressed the need to work with the focus based strategies addressing issues specifically in all areas. He said that there is a great need to work for the improvement of micro plan and communication strategy. He asked the Deputy Commissioners to make all-out efforts to make the campaign result oriented. He urged the parents to cooperate with the polio teams to ensure their children are safe as a vaccine, given to them multiple times, can protect them for life. The Commissioner also stressed the need that efforts should also be made to administer polio drops to school going children of up to five years of age.
It was informed to the meeting that the Education department’s private school secretariat has instructed the concerned private schools to help the administration and cooperate with the polio teams in carrying out their duties for providing children the protection from the crippling decease. It was decided in a meeting that awareness campaign of teachers, as well as parents, would be initiated with the support of school administrations in coordination with the Directorate of the Private Schools. He said that polio eradication was a national cause and it would be the top priority of city administration to carry out its efforts for the elimination of poliovirus.