Connect with us

Health

Antibiotics may give rise to new harmful bacteria

Published

on

ISLAMABAD: Besides treating bacterial infections, some antibiotics may also give rise to harmful new bacteria, research suggests.
“For a long time we have thought that bacteria make antibiotics for the same reasons that we love them – because they kill other bacteria,” said Elizabeth Shank, assistant professor of biology at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
“However, we have also known that antibiotics can sometimes have pesky side-effects, like stimulating biofilm formation,” Shank added.
The researchers have now shown that this side-effect – the production of biofilms – is not a side-effect, after all, suggesting that bacteria may have evolved to produce antibiotics in order to produce biofilms and not only for their killing abilities, said the study appeared in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Biofilms are communities of bacteria that form on surfaces, phenomenon dentists usually refer to as plaque. Biofilms are everywhere. In many cases, biofilms can be beneficial, such as when they protect plant roots from pathogens. But they can also harm, for instance when they form on medical catheters or feeding tubes in patients, causing disease.

A relevant piece published earlier: What researchers from the University of Leicester have found out is certainly alarming for Karachiites! The first of its kind study has revealed that bacteria triggering respiratory infections become antibiotics-resistance due to air pollution. So as to determine this, the panel of connoisseurs analyzed the influences of air contamination on the bacteria existing in human bodies, particularly the respiratory tract (nose, throat and lungs). The key element of air pollution is black carbon, which is being rapidly produced via the burning of fossil fuels like diesel, bio-fuels, and biomass. Elaborating on the study, Dr Shane Hussey and Dr Jo Purves held that all of us are exposed to toxic fumes and we know its harmful impacts. Now it is obligatory to figure out such antidotes that could help in containing these effects. Also, it has been reported that two human pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumonia) are considered the prime causes of respiratory ailments. Besides, they also demonstrate high levels of resistance to antibiotics. One of the investigators Julian Ketley noted that urbanization in big cities with intense levels of air pollution poses life threats all across the globe. Also, the World Health Organization (WHO) delineates atmosphere pollution as the biggest single ecological health jeopardy. According to WHO it is accountable to around 7 million deaths per annum. The study has been reported in the journal Environmental Microbiology. (Published on 3rd March 2017)

 

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Health

People urged to vaccinate children Anti-Measles injection

Published

on

RAWALPINDI: Member Provincial Assembly Chaudhry Amjad Mehmood Friday said a healthy child was essential for a healthy society and this message should be conveyed to every nook and cranny of the district.
Speaking at a seminar as chief guest held in connection with upcoming Measles campaign starting from October 15, he urged the religious scholars, teachers and elected representatives to play their due role in the anti-measles campaign and motivate the people to ensure preventive measures for their children against diseases.
He also underlined the importance of holding such seminars in order to create community awareness about measles. The seminar was organized by B-Malka Welfare society here at Kotha Kalan to create awareness regarding the importance of Measles vaccination for children.
In his address, Assistant Commissioner Iftikhar Sherazi said that a large number of infants were feared left without measles vaccine coverage, whereas in the case of those already vaccinated, the efficacy rate was not up to the mark.
He informed that 884 teams would go door to door under the campaign being launched from October 15,
and administer an anti-measles injection to 874,384 children from six months to seven years of age in all tehsils and union councils of the district. He further said that 221 fixed centers,208 medical officers,1768 Mobilizers and 52 supervisors would be part of the drive in order to facilitate the citizens and serve them at their doorsteps.
Meanwhile, Deputy District Health Officer Dr. Zeeshan in his address said that staff deployed for the campaign has been issued special instructions and informed that no negligence in that regard would be tolerated. He said that all possible steps had been taken by the Health Department to make the campaign a success.
Sufficient quantity of vaccine is available, and no stone will be left unturned in efforts to make the campaign the success.” He said continuous efforts were being made to control measles. Special teams had also been formed to cover areas from where the complaints about unattended children were registered, he said.  Among others, health officials religious scholars, traders, para-medical staff and a large number of citizens attended the seminar.

 

Continue Reading

Baluchistan

Federal govt to construct cancer hospital in Balochistan: PM

Published

on

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Imran Khan Friday said that the federal government with the cooperation of Pakistan Army would construct a cancer hospital in Balochistan.
Talking to students of various educational institutions of Balochistan, who called on him here at the Prime Minister Office, he said, the provincial government would provide land to the federal government for the hospital and in this regard, a team of the federal government would visit the province very soon.
The Prime Minister said he had talked to Chief of the Army Staff, General Qamar Javed Bajwa and the cancer hospital would be built with the cooperation of the army.
To various queries of the students, the Prime Minister said Balochistan was a spread out area and it was very difficult to handle it from a centralized system, adding that an effective local government system would be introduced in the province as it was the best option for resolution of various problems at the grass-root level.
The federal government, he said was going to start one of the biggest job provision programmes in the history of Pakistan by constructing five million houses in the entire country.
He said water was one of the biggest problems of Quetta and added that the federal government was also working on various water projects in the province.
He said the federal government would upgrade Mangi dam to meet water supply requirement of Quetta city and adjoining areas.
The Prime Minister said the dam would not only provide clean drinking water but also raise the water table in the area.
During the tenure of PTI government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the Prime Minister said, 70 sports grounds were constructed there.
He said the federal government was planning to locate places for sports grounds because it was right of the youth. The Prime Minister said Balochistan was rich of mineral resources and only four minerals in the province were considered to be worth of $460 billion.
Prime Minister Imran Khan urged the students to fully concentrate on studies, broaden their thinking and avoid selfishness.
He said why the Pakistani nation loved their Quaid because the founder of the nation Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah never struggled for his self but his entire efforts were for Muslims of the Sub-Continent.  He said Quaid-i-Azam was a great human being.

Continue Reading

Health

Breast Cancer Awareness: Awan-e-Sadr turns pink

Published

on

ISLAMABAD: First Lady Samina Alvi on Wednesday illuminated the building of Aiwan-e-Sadr with pink light in commemoration of breast cancer awareness in the month of October.
In a ceremony held at the Aiwan-e-Sadr, she pushed the button to illuminate the building in pink color, thus inaugurating the Pink Ribbon save the 9th campaign.
Addressing the ceremony, Begum Alvi said the month of October was being commemorated worldwide to create awareness about the breast cancer.
She underlined the importance of running an effective breast cancer awareness campaign which could help avoid incidents and deaths related to breast cancer.
The First Lady said the breast cancer had become one of the major female diseases and its exact causes were yet to be ascertained.
In Pakistan, due to lack of awareness, the disease was on the rise among females, she said,  noting that media could play an effective role by creating public awareness.
She opined that doctors and other professional related to the medical field should be invited in the TV morning shows to create awareness about breast cancer.
Begum Alvi said every third woman in Pakistan was at the risk of suffering from the breast cancer, but timely diagnosis could help cure the disease.
Womenfolk should not feel hesitant in getting themselves medically examined to timely detect the symptoms and if anything appeared extraordinary, doctors should be consulted immediately, she advised.
Dr. Umar Aftab, head of cancer awareness programme, on the occasion said about 12 million women in the country could be at the risk of getting breast cancer.

 

Continue Reading

News Pakistan Trending