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Shocking news for caffeine junkies! Too much consumption is bad for health


KARACHI: Since its winters, a lot of people opt for caffeinated drinks. As per the figures, innumerable individuals ingest caffeine on a daily basis around the globe.

Caffeine is a sour stuff located in coffee, tea, fizzy drinks, chocolate, kola nuts and specific prescriptions. It is also known to stimulate the Central Nervous System (CNS).

You may also get rid of physical weariness and put off or cure drowsiness by consuming caffeine.

Furthermore, it also keeps you fit, advances focus and attentiveness. Health and wellness connoisseurs suggest consuming two to four cups of caffeinated beverages per day.

Otherwise, intense caffeine could trigger a variety of physical and psychological troubles.

If you keep on consuming too much caffeine, you could develop insomnia, headache, giddiness, irregular heart rhythms, hypertension, anxiety, stress, shivering, constant arterial stiffness, abdomen cramps, dehydration etc.

Cases of some studies have demonstrated that caffeine ingestion, throughout pregnancy, may also escalate the odds of having a low weight.

It has further been learnt that individuals with an average age of 40 and above should not intake tea or coffee following lunch so as to improve their sleep patterns.

Not to mention that caffeine is believed to be the most extensively consumed psychoactive drug that is officially permitted and allowed all through the world.

Besides, kids should not drink caffeine.

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(VIDEO AND TEXT) Cricket Icon Wasim Akram tells how to contain diabetes!


KARACHI: At the launching ceremony of Accu-Chek Instant S (blood glucose meter), Roche Pharmaceuticals’ brand ambassador Wasim Akram has reiterated how despite being a diabetic for three decades he not only lived a full life but also played for Pakistan cricket team all over the world.

Wasim Akram said that by means of balanced diet, exercise and regular monitoring of glucose level, diabetics can contain the malady and live a normal life.  

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Climate Change: Air pollution is spoiling our kidneys!


CHICAGO: Climate change leads to excessive and corrosive pollution across the globe. Innumerable scientists have been conducting research regarding its potential impacts on humans.

As a result, a latest research has come up with another concern: exposure to air pollution is damaging kidneys!

As a matter of fact, even a modest quantity of this menace in the milieu could affect kidneys and trigger *Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).

Elaborating further, the study author Ziyad Al-Aly from the VA Saint Louis Health Care System in Missouri maintained that their ramifications revealed a momentous link amid exposure to PM2.5 and odds of developing CKD, eGFR decline, and ESRD.

How it Impacts?

When human breathe, petite particles of dirty air go through lungs and penetrate in the bloodstream. Those eventually reach kidneys, which are considered body’s major filters. 

Kidneys are supposed to sieve these particles out of the blood but extreme exposures to hazardous pollutants diminish their effectiveness.

For this inclusive research, academics have gone through the records of 2,482,737 participants from the States for around 8.5 annum.

Air pollution levels have been analyzed using space-borne sensors from NASA satellites.

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN) has run their up shots.

*CKD reduces Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR), the rate of blood surge via the kidneys and leads to End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), the final phase of CKD.

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Scientific Breakthrough: Plastic-eating fungus has been discovered in Pakistan!


ISLAMABAD: The increasing plastic wastage has led some nine Pakistani and Chinese investigators to discover novel and secure means to degrade it.

In the research labeled Biodegradation of Polyester Polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis, academics from Isloo have claimed to find out a fungus that survives on plastic in trashes.

According to their findings, the fungus called Aspergillus Tubingensis can collapse non-biodegradable plastic within weeks by squirting enzymes that disintegrate individual molecules.

Harboring on the subject, the study senior scholar from the World Agroforestry Centre/Kunming Institute of Biology, Dr. Sehroon Khan noted that the panel of academics had been searching for techniques to degrade plastic waste that are already presented in nature.

Hence, they took samples from a rubbish dump in Islamabad to observe if anything was consuming on the plastic in the similar approach that other organisms swallow dead plant or animal matter.

They then tried out the fungus in liquid, soil and Sabouraud Dextrose Agar (SDA) plate. Their ramifications revealed that the fungus decomposed plastic in all mediums; however, bio-degradation was uppermost when it was cultured on an SDA plate.

World Economic Forum says that the fungus exists in soil. Nevertheless, researchers are of the view that it can also live on plastic facades.

It is pertinent to mention here that plastic can take decades to decompose on its own, which is considered hazardous for the milieu as well as human health as it carries carcinogens and other noxious contaminants.

Whereas, now scientists have successfully discovered the fungus, a safe and sound approach to this menace. Now, they can use the fungus in waste handling plants to care for plastic particles that have contaminated water supplies including soil.

P.S. It is worth mentioning here that a 2016 research, conducted on the dumping of plastic waste in seas, held that approx 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into the ocean per annum. If the situation remains persistent, it will affect the marine life non-constructively, resulting into wiping out innumerable species of fish and other marine creatures by 2050.

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