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Mystery Solved: A disease called porphyrias turns human into vampires!

AIMAN INAM

BOSTON: We often hear and watch about the existence of vampires in media but nothing is confirmed regarding their existence.

Although, you can find some groups of people in America, who claim to be vampires. Not only that, they tend to suck blood as well.

But why do people claim to be a vampire and why do they have to suck on blood?

This article states about medical science 

perspective of apropos such people going though rare conditions.

Researchers establish that the most prevalent sort of porphyrias* disorder i.e. Erythropoietic Protoporphyria (EPP) usually arises in early days, resulting into developing such kind of sensitive skin, which turns extremely susceptible to sun light.

Therefore, exposure to sunshine in perpetuity could trigger excruciating pain and marks on the skin.

Harboring on the subject, academic Barry Paw from the Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center held that those, suffering from EPP, are persistently weak.

They feel like worn-out and appear to be very pale with augmented photosensitivity. Thus, they end up being in homes throughout the day as to deal with this condition.

Apart from resting during days, such people find it soothing to consume blood containing ample heme levels as to ease some of the disorder’s symptoms. Unbelievable? Believe it!

 It is pertinent to mention here that in ancient times, people used to consume animal blood to satisfy their urge. Also, they tended to emerge only at night and this is where the old wives tales apropos the existence of vampires come from.

Hence proved that the character of vampires is not more than a myth, however, we have something called porphyrias disorder, which provokes people to behave like bizarre blood sucking beings.

Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) has run their intriguing discovery.

*Porphyrias is a group of eight known blood chaos, influence the body’s molecular machinery for producing heme, which is a part of the oxygen-transferring protein, hemoglobin. When heme combines with iron, it provides blood its hallmark red color.

 

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Health

(VIDEO AND TEXT) Cricket Icon Wasim Akram tells how to contain diabetes!

M. M. ALAM

KARACHI: At the launching ceremony of Accu-Chek Instant S (blood glucose meter), Roche Pharmaceuticals’ brand ambassador Wasim Akram has reiterated how despite being a diabetic for three decades he not only lived a full life but also played for Pakistan cricket team all over the world.

Wasim Akram said that by means of balanced diet, exercise and regular monitoring of glucose level, diabetics can contain the malady and live a normal life.  

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Environment

Climate Change: Air pollution is spoiling our kidneys!

AIMAN INAM

CHICAGO: Climate change leads to excessive and corrosive pollution across the globe. Innumerable scientists have been conducting research regarding its potential impacts on humans.

As a result, a latest research has come up with another concern: exposure to air pollution is damaging kidneys!

As a matter of fact, even a modest quantity of this menace in the milieu could affect kidneys and trigger *Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).

Elaborating further, the study author Ziyad Al-Aly from the VA Saint Louis Health Care System in Missouri maintained that their ramifications revealed a momentous link amid exposure to PM2.5 and odds of developing CKD, eGFR decline, and ESRD.

How it Impacts?

When human breathe, petite particles of dirty air go through lungs and penetrate in the bloodstream. Those eventually reach kidneys, which are considered body’s major filters. 

Kidneys are supposed to sieve these particles out of the blood but extreme exposures to hazardous pollutants diminish their effectiveness.

For this inclusive research, academics have gone through the records of 2,482,737 participants from the States for around 8.5 annum.

Air pollution levels have been analyzed using space-borne sensors from NASA satellites.

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN) has run their up shots.

*CKD reduces Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR), the rate of blood surge via the kidneys and leads to End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), the final phase of CKD.

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Health

Scientific Breakthrough: Plastic-eating fungus has been discovered in Pakistan!

AIMAN INAM

ISLAMABAD: The increasing plastic wastage has led some nine Pakistani and Chinese investigators to discover novel and secure means to degrade it.

In the research labeled Biodegradation of Polyester Polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis, academics from Isloo have claimed to find out a fungus that survives on plastic in trashes.

According to their findings, the fungus called Aspergillus Tubingensis can collapse non-biodegradable plastic within weeks by squirting enzymes that disintegrate individual molecules.

Harboring on the subject, the study senior scholar from the World Agroforestry Centre/Kunming Institute of Biology, Dr. Sehroon Khan noted that the panel of academics had been searching for techniques to degrade plastic waste that are already presented in nature.

Hence, they took samples from a rubbish dump in Islamabad to observe if anything was consuming on the plastic in the similar approach that other organisms swallow dead plant or animal matter.

They then tried out the fungus in liquid, soil and Sabouraud Dextrose Agar (SDA) plate. Their ramifications revealed that the fungus decomposed plastic in all mediums; however, bio-degradation was uppermost when it was cultured on an SDA plate.

World Economic Forum says that the fungus exists in soil. Nevertheless, researchers are of the view that it can also live on plastic facades.

It is pertinent to mention here that plastic can take decades to decompose on its own, which is considered hazardous for the milieu as well as human health as it carries carcinogens and other noxious contaminants.

Whereas, now scientists have successfully discovered the fungus, a safe and sound approach to this menace. Now, they can use the fungus in waste handling plants to care for plastic particles that have contaminated water supplies including soil.

P.S. It is worth mentioning here that a 2016 research, conducted on the dumping of plastic waste in seas, held that approx 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into the ocean per annum. If the situation remains persistent, it will affect the marine life non-constructively, resulting into wiping out innumerable species of fish and other marine creatures by 2050.

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