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Mystery Solved: A disease called porphyrias turns human into vampires!




BOSTON: We often hear and watch about the existence of vampires in media but nothing is confirmed regarding their existence.

Although, you can find some groups of people in America, who claim to be vampires. Not only that, they tend to suck blood as well.

But why do people claim to be a vampire and why do they have to suck on blood?

This article states about medical science 

perspective of apropos such people going though rare conditions.

Researchers establish that the most prevalent sort of porphyrias* disorder i.e. Erythropoietic Protoporphyria (EPP) usually arises in early days, resulting into developing such kind of sensitive skin, which turns extremely susceptible to sun light.

Therefore, exposure to sunshine in perpetuity could trigger excruciating pain and marks on the skin.

Harboring on the subject, academic Barry Paw from the Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center held that those, suffering from EPP, are persistently weak.

They feel like worn-out and appear to be very pale with augmented photosensitivity. Thus, they end up being in homes throughout the day as to deal with this condition.

Apart from resting during days, such people find it soothing to consume blood containing ample heme levels as to ease some of the disorder’s symptoms. Unbelievable? Believe it!

 It is pertinent to mention here that in ancient times, people used to consume animal blood to satisfy their urge. Also, they tended to emerge only at night and this is where the old wives tales apropos the existence of vampires come from.

Hence proved that the character of vampires is not more than a myth, however, we have something called porphyrias disorder, which provokes people to behave like bizarre blood sucking beings.

Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) has run their intriguing discovery.

*Porphyrias is a group of eight known blood chaos, influence the body’s molecular machinery for producing heme, which is a part of the oxygen-transferring protein, hemoglobin. When heme combines with iron, it provides blood its hallmark red color.


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Three coffees a day linked to a range of health benefits!



KARACHI: Coffee is one of the most commonly consumed drinks worldwide. But recently it has been found out that people who drink three to four cups of coffee a day are more likely to see health benefits, experiencing lower risks of premature death and heart disease than those who abstain.

Savants (collected evidence from more than 200 previous studies) note that coffee consumption was linked to lower risks of diabetes, liver disease, dementia and some cancers.

Scientists said that three or four cups a day provide the highest benefit (excluding pregnant women who have higher fracture risks).

Robin Poole, a public health specialist at Britain’s University of Southampton, led a research team of 201 studies based on observational research and 17 studies based on clinical trials across all countries and all settings.

Umbrella reviews unify previous pooled analyses to give a clearer summary of diverse research on a particular topic.

Pool’s team concluded in their research, published in the BMJ British medical journal that Coffee drinking appears safe within usual patterns of consumption.

Drinking coffee was consistently linked with a lower risk of death from all causes and from heart disease. The largest reduction in relative risk of premature death is seen in people consuming three cups a day, compared with non-coffee drinkers and was not linked to harm.

Coffee was also associated with a lower risk of several cancers, including prostate, endometrial, skin and liver cancer, as well as type-2 diabetes, gallstones and gout, the researchers said. The greatest benefit was seen for liver conditions such as cirrhosis of the liver.

In a linked editorial, Professor Eliseo Guallar from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg school of public health in Maryland wrote that “coffee is safe, but hold the cake”.

He argued that the latest study showed that “coffee consumption seems generally safe”, but added: “Coffee is often consumed with products rich in refined sugars and unhealthy fats, and these may independently contribute to adverse health outcomes …

“Does coffee prevent chronic disease and reduce mortality? We simply do not know. Should doctors recommend drinking coffee to prevent disease? Should people start drinking coffee for health reasons? The answer to both questions is ‘no’.”

Poole’s team noted that their review included mainly observational data, no firm conclusions could be drawn about cause and effect. But their findings support other recent reviews and studies of coffee intake.

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Affordable way to prevent stunting: An egg a day makes young people grow taller!



KARACHI: Whether soft or hard-boiled, fried or whisked into an omelette, eggs appear to give infants a boost.

According to a report published in Pediatrics (journal published by American Academy of Pediatrics), egg could be an affordable answer to the menace of stunting (that leaves children too short for their age). 

Researchers hold that first two years of life are critical for growth and development and stunting is largely irreversible.

They further point out that poor nutrition is a major cause of stunting, along with childhood infections and illnesses.

According to WHO 155 million children under the age of five are stunted. Most live in low-and middle-income countries and health experts have been looking at ways to tackle the issue.


Half of the 160 youngsters who took part in a random trial were fed an egg a day for six months – the others were monitored for comparison. Families were visited every week to ensure the plan’s regularity and to check for any allergies or side effects.

Stunting was reduced in the treatment group by the end of the study. Occurrence was 47% less than in the non-egg group, even though egg-fed infants were considered short for their age at the start.

Some of the children in the control group did eat eggs, but nowhere near as many as the treatment group.

The lead researcher said: “We were surprised by just how effective this intervention proved to be, and what’s great is the affordability for populations vulnerable to hidden hunger or nutritional deficiency.”

It was noted that eggs were great food for young children with small stomachs: “Eggs contain a combination of nutrients, which we think is important.”

A lead nutritionist at the Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health, said: “In a way, it is surprising that more research has not been conducted using egg in this situation – although in some cultures, parents do not necessarily find egg to be an acceptable early food due to allergy concerns.

Lead researcher advised that eggs should always be well-cooked to avoid any potential infection risk.   Eggs are a good nutritious complementary food that can be introduced as part of a varied diet once the mother decides to start complementary feeding, never before four months.”

WHO recommends mothers worldwide to:

* Exclusively breastfeed infants for the child’s first six months to achieve optimal growth, development and health.

* After the first six months, infants should be given nutritious complementary foods and continue breastfeeding up to the age of two years or beyond.

British Nutrition Foundation maintains:

* While eggs are a nutritious food to include, it’s very essential for young children to have a variety of foods in a diet. Necessary to get all the vitamins and minerals needed, but also to become familiar with a wide range of tastes and textures.

* A range of protein-rich foods should be provided when feeding young children, which can include eggs but can also feature beans, pulses, fish, especially oily fish, meat and dairy products.

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Anti-Polio vaccination campaign begins today in Pakistan!



ISLAMABAD: An anti-polio vaccination campaign began today in different parts of the country.
The campaign is scheduled to be run in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Baluchistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata), Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Kashmir for three days, while in Rawalpindi and Karachi it will continue for six  days.
Around 2.3 million children up to age five years will be administered anti-polio drops in 188 union councils of Karachi during the campaign.
In Fata and KPK, over 6.7 million children will be vaccinated. In Rawalpindi, 811,000 children would be administered polio drops and 2.4 will be vaccinated in Baluchistan.
Similarly, the government planned to vaccinated 1.75 million children.

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