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Can we avert T2D by just donning goggles?

AIMAN INAM

LONDON: Today technology is making life easier for human being. Gone are the days when people used to go to doctors to get themselves examined for all sorts of maladies!

Now we have electronic devices to diagnose and fix many illnesses. One such innovation is supposed to contain Type-2 diabetes (T2D) by means of goggles!

But can we really put off the deadly Type-2 diabetes (T2D) by just donning goggles? Well yes, that’s what the researchers claim! Unbelievable? Believe it.

According to the study, T2D could be averted by just putting on goggles that discharge bright lights into the eyes.

Savants have invented the goggles, labeled Re-Timer, which have four small lights in the frame and are designed to assist controlling the body clock.

The specific eyewear was actually developed at Flinders University in Australia as to cure sleep disorders.

As a matter of fact, light helps normalize one’s body clock that controls the diffusion of certain hormones.

The emission of such hormones, which also control blood sugar levels, is unbalanced among people suffering from pre-diabetes.

Considering this, an investigator from The London Endocrine Centre, Dr Paul Jenkins stated that light exposure can have intense effects on a few of the body’s hormones. However, it is remarkable to infer the impacts of this light therapy on insulin sensitivity.

It is to be noted that exposure to sunshine might be advantageous too when it comes to prevent T2D.

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Health

(VIDEO AND TEXT) Cricket Icon Wasim Akram tells how to contain diabetes!

M. M. ALAM

KARACHI: At the launching ceremony of Accu-Chek Instant S (blood glucose meter), Roche Pharmaceuticals’ brand ambassador Wasim Akram has reiterated how despite being a diabetic for three decades he not only lived a full life but also played for Pakistan cricket team all over the world.

Wasim Akram said that by means of balanced diet, exercise and regular monitoring of glucose level, diabetics can contain the malady and live a normal life.  

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Environment

Climate Change: Air pollution is spoiling our kidneys!

AIMAN INAM

CHICAGO: Climate change leads to excessive and corrosive pollution across the globe. Innumerable scientists have been conducting research regarding its potential impacts on humans.

As a result, a latest research has come up with another concern: exposure to air pollution is damaging kidneys!

As a matter of fact, even a modest quantity of this menace in the milieu could affect kidneys and trigger *Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).

Elaborating further, the study author Ziyad Al-Aly from the VA Saint Louis Health Care System in Missouri maintained that their ramifications revealed a momentous link amid exposure to PM2.5 and odds of developing CKD, eGFR decline, and ESRD.

How it Impacts?

When human breathe, petite particles of dirty air go through lungs and penetrate in the bloodstream. Those eventually reach kidneys, which are considered body’s major filters. 

Kidneys are supposed to sieve these particles out of the blood but extreme exposures to hazardous pollutants diminish their effectiveness.

For this inclusive research, academics have gone through the records of 2,482,737 participants from the States for around 8.5 annum.

Air pollution levels have been analyzed using space-borne sensors from NASA satellites.

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN) has run their up shots.

*CKD reduces Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR), the rate of blood surge via the kidneys and leads to End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), the final phase of CKD.

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Health

Scientific Breakthrough: Plastic-eating fungus has been discovered in Pakistan!

AIMAN INAM

ISLAMABAD: The increasing plastic wastage has led some nine Pakistani and Chinese investigators to discover novel and secure means to degrade it.

In the research labeled Biodegradation of Polyester Polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis, academics from Isloo have claimed to find out a fungus that survives on plastic in trashes.

According to their findings, the fungus called Aspergillus Tubingensis can collapse non-biodegradable plastic within weeks by squirting enzymes that disintegrate individual molecules.

Harboring on the subject, the study senior scholar from the World Agroforestry Centre/Kunming Institute of Biology, Dr. Sehroon Khan noted that the panel of academics had been searching for techniques to degrade plastic waste that are already presented in nature.

Hence, they took samples from a rubbish dump in Islamabad to observe if anything was consuming on the plastic in the similar approach that other organisms swallow dead plant or animal matter.

They then tried out the fungus in liquid, soil and Sabouraud Dextrose Agar (SDA) plate. Their ramifications revealed that the fungus decomposed plastic in all mediums; however, bio-degradation was uppermost when it was cultured on an SDA plate.

World Economic Forum says that the fungus exists in soil. Nevertheless, researchers are of the view that it can also live on plastic facades.

It is pertinent to mention here that plastic can take decades to decompose on its own, which is considered hazardous for the milieu as well as human health as it carries carcinogens and other noxious contaminants.

Whereas, now scientists have successfully discovered the fungus, a safe and sound approach to this menace. Now, they can use the fungus in waste handling plants to care for plastic particles that have contaminated water supplies including soil.

P.S. It is worth mentioning here that a 2016 research, conducted on the dumping of plastic waste in seas, held that approx 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into the ocean per annum. If the situation remains persistent, it will affect the marine life non-constructively, resulting into wiping out innumerable species of fish and other marine creatures by 2050.

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